Clay County, SD

County

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2022 Population
14,953
0.925% 1-year growth
US Senator
John Thune
Republican Party
US Senator
Mike Rounds
Republican Party
US Representative
Dusty Johnson
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
24.6
0.405% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
21.2%
5.58% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$55,963
0.203% 1-year decline
2022 Median Property Value
$209,300
16.9% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
7,809
2.67% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Clay County, SD had a population of 15k people with a median age of 24.6 and a median household income of $55,963. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Clay County, SD grew from 14,816 to 14,953, a 0.925% increase and its median household income declined from $56,077 to $55,963, a −0.203% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, SD are White (Non-Hispanic) (86.2%), American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) (3.3%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.12%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (3.02%), and Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (1.73%).

None of the households in Clay County, SD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.9% of the residents in Clay County, SD are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Clay County, SD are University of South Dakota (2,132 degrees awarded in 2022).

In 2022, the median property value in Clay County, SD was $209,300, and the homeownership rate was 51.1%.

Most people in Clay County, SD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 16.9 minutes. The average car ownership in Clay County, SD was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Clay County, SD is home to a population of 15k people, from which 96.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 3.81% of Clay County, SD residents were born outside of the country (570 people).

In 2022, there were 26.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.9k people) in Clay County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 493 American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) and 467 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.9%
2022 Citizenship
97.2%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.9% of Clay County, SD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Clay County, SD was 97.2%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Clay County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Clay County, SD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    12.9k ± 84
  2. American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic)
    493 ± 174
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    467 ± 183
2.21%
Hispanic Population
330 people

In 2022, there were 26.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (12.9k people) in Clay County, SD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 493 American Indian & Alaska Native (Non-Hispanic) and 467 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

2.21% of the people in Clay County, SD are hispanic (330 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Clay County, SD as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for South Dakota.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,032 ± 1,350 people
  2. Guatemala
    2,803 ± 1,298 people
  3. Ethiopia
    2,418 ± 1,206 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of South Dakota was Mexico, the natal country of 3,032 South Dakota residents, followed by Guatemala with 2,803 and Ethiopia with 2,418.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.81%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
570 people
3.52%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
522 people

As of 2022, 3.81% of Clay County, SD residents (570 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Clay County, SD was 3.52%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Clay County, SD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    200 ± 82
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    176 ± 96
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    92 ± 59

Clay County, SD has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.14 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Clay County, SD employs 7.81k people. The largest industries in Clay County, SD are Educational Services (1,830 people), Retail Trade (1,159 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,061 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($78,942), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($73,224), and Transportation & Warehousing ($68,750).

Males in South Dakota have an average income that is 1.29 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,552. The income inequality in South Dakota (measured using the Gini index) is 0.438, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

7.81k
2022 Value
± 605
−2.67%
1 Year decline
± 11.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Clay County, SD declined at a rate of −2.67%, from 8.02k employees to 7.81k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Clay County, SD, are Education Instruction, & Library Occupations (945 people), Management Occupations (799 people), and Food Preparation & Serving Related Occupations (780 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Clay County, SD.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in South Dakota (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

7.81k
2022 Value
± 605
−2.67%
1 Year decline
± 11.1%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Clay County, SD declined at a rate of −2.67%, from 8.02k employees to 7.81k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Clay County, SD, are Educational Services (1,830 people), Retail Trade (1,159 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,061 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Clay County, SD, though some of these residents may live in Clay County, SD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$39,348
Median earning men ± $5,513
$23,248
Median earning women ± $1,911

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($73,947), Public Administration ($68,816), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($61,250).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($85,292), Wholesale Trade ($43,043), and Information ($41,161).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Y-Axis
2.37%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 450k people employed in South Dakota. This represents a 2.37% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 8.96%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in South Dakota.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 94
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 66
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 62
    Arts, Entertainment & Recreation and Accommodation & Food Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Clay County, SD went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 54.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (43.1%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (2.79%).

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing the state of South Dakota. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Clay County, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from South Dakota

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
John Thune
Senator from South Dakota3
Assumed office on January 3, 2005
Mike Rounds
Senator from South Dakota2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

John Thune and Mike Rounds are the senators currently representing South Dakota.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in South Dakota over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Clay County, SD

Dusty Johnson
South Dakota at-large Representative
Republican Party

Clay County, SD is currently represented by Dusty Johnson (Republican Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Clay County, SD have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Clay County, SD awarded 2,132 degrees. The student population of Clay County, SD in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 3,641 male students and 6,215 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Clay County, SD are White (1,811 and 88.1%), followed by Two or More Races (71 and 3.45%), Hispanic or Latino (67 and 3.26%), and Black or African American (42 and 2.04%).

The largest universities in Clay County, SD by number of degrees awarded are University of South Dakota (2,132 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Clay County, SD are Registered Nursing (163 and 7.65%), General Business Administration & Management (151 and 7.08%), and Clinical Social Work (120 and 5.63%).

The median tuition cost in Clay County, SD for a public four year colleges is $7,773 for in-state students and $11,283 for out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Clay County, SD, the percentage of applicants admitted was 99.5%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 29.8%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 9,856 (36.9% men and 63.1% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 9,856 students enrolled in Clay County, SD, 36.9% men and 63.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 7,815 records, of which 64.7% were women and 35.3% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 163 degrees awarded
  2. 78 degrees awarded
  3. 73 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Clay County, SD was Registered Nursing with 163 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Clay County, SD according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
2,132 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Dakota with 2,132 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 802 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Clay County, SD, which is 0.603 times less than the 1,330 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,811 degrees mean that there were 25.5 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Two or More Races, with 71 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Public, 4-year or above ($7,773) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,659) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,200) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Measure

In 2022, 0.574% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.482% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for South Dakota.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (206k), Some college (148k), and Bachelors Degree (133k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Clay County, SD was $209,300 in 2022, which is 0.742 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $179,000 to $209,300, a 16.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Clay County, SD is 51.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Clay County, SD have an average commute time of 16.9 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Clay County, SD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Clay County, SD is $55,963. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Clay County, SD was Census Tract 9658 with a value of $83,365, followed by Census Tract 9657 and Census Tract 9659, with respective values of $57,241 and $45,196.

In 2022, 21.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Clay County, SD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 3.13%.

Property

$209,300
Median Property Value 2022
±$18,703
$2,767
Median Property Taxes
±$314

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Clay County, SD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Clay County, SD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

51.1%
Homeownership
2022
68.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 51.1% of the housing units in Clay County, SD were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 54%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Clay County, SD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9658
  2. Census Tract 9657
  3. Census Tract 9659

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Clay County, SD was Census Tract 9658 with a value of $83,365, followed by Census Tract 9657 and Census Tract 9659, with respective values of $57,241 and $45,196.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Clay County, SD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$55,963
Median Household Income
± $6,277
5.42k
Number of Households
± 557

In 2022, the median household income of the 5.42k households in Clay County, SD declined from $55,963 from the previous year's value of $56,077.

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, SD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Clay County, SD is from South Dakota.
0.438
2022 Wage GINI in South Dakota
0.439
2021 Wage GINI in South Dakota

In 2022, the income inequality in South Dakota was 0.438 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.26% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for South Dakota was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in South Dakota in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in South Dakota across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (71.9%)
  2. Walked (11.3%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.63%)

In 2022, 71.9% of workers in Clay County, SD drove alone to work, followed by those who walked to work (11.3%) and those who worked at home (7.63%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

16.9 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Clay County, SD have a shorter commute time (16.9 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.33% of the workforce in Clay County, SD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Clay County, SD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Clay County, SD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Clay County, SD have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 21.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Clay County, SD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 3.13%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

21.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Clay County, SD (2.67k out of 12.6k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Clay County, SD is White, followed by Other and Native American.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 13.8% of the children was living in poverty in Clay County, SD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 6.1%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 243 in Clay County, SD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 207 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

92.1% of the population of Clay County, SD has health coverage, with 52.6% on employee plans, 11.2% on Medicaid, 8.04% on Medicare, 18.6% on non-group plans, and 1.59% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Clay County, SD see 1759 patients per year on average, which represents a 12.3% decrease from the previous year (2006 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1583 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1425 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.5% were men and 49.5% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,759 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Clay County, SD

Primary care physicians in Clay County, SD see an average of 1,759 patients per year. This represents a 12.3% decrease from the previous year (2,006 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Clay County, SD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22% under 18 years, 42% between 18 and 34 years, 25.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 10.7% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.5% were men and 49.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.89%
Uninsured
52.6%
Employer Coverage
11.2%
Medicaid
8.04%
Medicare
18.6%
Non-Group
1.59%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Clay County, SD grew by 23.4% from 6.4% to 7.89%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Clay County, SD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was N/A in Clay County, SD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Clay County, SD.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 29.7% in Clay County, SD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Clay County, SD.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 11% in Clay County, SD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Clay County, SD.

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