Cleveland, OH

Census Place

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2022 Population
370,365
1.2% 1-year decline
US Senator
Sherrod Brown
Democratic Party
US Senator
J. D. Vance
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
36.3
0.276% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
31.2%
0.624% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$37,271
10.7% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$87,400
17% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
157,682
0.109% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Cleveland, OH had a population of 370k people with a median age of 36.3 and a median household income of $37,271. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Cleveland, OH declined from 374,861 to 370,365, a −1.2% decrease and its median household income grew from $33,678 to $37,271, a 10.7% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland, OH are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (45.8%), White (Non-Hispanic) (34.4%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.32%), Two+ (Hispanic) (3.92%), and White (Hispanic) (3.86%).

None of the households in Cleveland, OH reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97% of the residents in Cleveland, OH are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Cleveland, OH are Cleveland State University (3,933 degrees awarded in 2022), Case Western Reserve University (3,885 degrees), and Cuyahoga Community College District (3,514 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Cleveland, OH was $87,400, and the homeownership rate was 40.9%.

Most people in Cleveland, OH drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 23.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Cleveland, OH was 1 car per household.

Population & Diversity

Cleveland, OH is home to a population of 370k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.67% of Cleveland, OH residents were born outside of the country (21k people).

In 2022, there were 1.33 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (170k people) in Cleveland, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 127k White (Non-Hispanic) and 16k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97%
2022 Citizenship
97%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97% of Cleveland, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Cleveland, OH was 97%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Cleveland, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Cleveland, OH
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    170k ± 2.87k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    127k ± 2.62k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    16k ± 1.93k
12.5%
Hispanic Population
46.3k people

In 2022, there were 1.33 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (170k people) in Cleveland, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 127k White (Non-Hispanic) and 16k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

12.5% of the people in Cleveland, OH are hispanic (46.3k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Cleveland, OH as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    65,962 ± 6,288 people
  2. Mexico
    43,233 ± 5,095 people
  3. China
    34,193 ± 4,533 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 65,962 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 43,233 and China with 34,193.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.67%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
21k people
5.97%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
22.4k people

As of 2022, 5.67% of Cleveland, OH residents (21k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Cleveland, OH was 5.97%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Cleveland, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    5,488 ± 534
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    2,424 ± 414
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,927 ± 365

Cleveland, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.26 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Cleveland, OH employs 158k people. The largest industries in Cleveland, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (31,355 people), Manufacturing (19,101 people), and Retail Trade (16,572 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($64,303), Utilities ($62,610), and Finance & Insurance ($55,643).

Males in Ohio have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,975. The income inequality in Ohio (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

158k
2022 Value
± 3,265
0.109%
1 Year growth
± 2.89%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cleveland, OH grew at a rate of 0.109%, from 158k employees to 158k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Cleveland, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (19,787 people), Sales & Related Occupations (12,905 people), and Production Occupations (12,363 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Cleveland, OH.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

158k
2022 Value
± 3,265
0.109%
1 Year growth
± 2.89%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Cleveland, OH grew at a rate of 0.109%, from 158k employees to 158k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Cleveland, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (31,355 people), Manufacturing (19,101 people), and Retail Trade (16,572 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Cleveland, OH, though some of these residents may live in Cleveland, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$38,506
Median earning men ± $1,015
$32,261
Median earning women ± $1,054

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($59,811), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($55,580), and Information ($47,304).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($45,311), Public Administration ($44,535), and Manufacturing ($37,265).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Y-Axis
1.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 5.51M people employed in Ohio. This represents a 1.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 15.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Ohio.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Ohio went to Donald J. Trump with 53.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (45.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.14%).

Sherrod Brown and J. D. Vance are the senators currently representing the state of Ohio. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Ohio is currently represented by 15 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Ohio

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Sherrod Brown
Senator from Ohio1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
J. D. Vance
Senator from Ohio3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Sherrod Brown and J. D. Vance are the senators currently representing Ohio.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Ohio over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Ohio

Ohio is currently represented by 15 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Ohio have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Cleveland, OH awarded 11,908 degrees. The student population of Cleveland, OH in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 19,258 male students and 24,457 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Cleveland, OH are White (6,846 and 64.5%), followed by Black or African American (1,399 and 13.2%), Asian (916 and 8.63%), and Hispanic or Latino (750 and 7.06%).

The largest universities in Cleveland, OH by number of degrees awarded are Cleveland State University (3,933 and 33%), Case Western Reserve University (3,885 and 32.6%), and Cuyahoga Community College District (3,514 and 29.5%).

The most popular majors in Cleveland, OH are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,322 and 11.1%), Registered Nursing (612 and 5.14%), and General Business Administration & Management (481 and 4.04%).

The median tuition costs in Cleveland, OH are $43,380 for private four year colleges, and $12,144 and $17,359 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Cleveland, OH, the percentage of applicants admitted was 41.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 16.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 43,715 (44.1% men and 55.9% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 43,715 students enrolled in Cleveland, OH, 44.1% men and 55.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 22,122 records, of which 55.8% were women and 44.2% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 330 degrees awarded
  2. 225 degrees awarded
  3. 336 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Cleveland, OH was Registered Nursing with 330 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Cleveland, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,933 degrees awarded
  2. 3,885 degrees awarded
  3. 3,514 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Cleveland State University with 3,933 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 5,337 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Cleveland, OH, which is 0.812 times less than the 6,571 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 6,846 degrees mean that there were 4.89 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,399 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($43,380) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($2,370) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,700) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Measure

In 2022, 0.724% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.686% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (3.05M), Some college (1.98M), and Bachelors Degree (1.63M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Cleveland, OH was $87,400 in 2022, which is 0.31 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $74,700 to $87,400, a 17% increase. The homeownership rate in Cleveland, OH is 40.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Cleveland, OH have an average commute time of 23.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Cleveland, OH is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Median household income in Cleveland, OH is $37,271. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Cleveland, OH was Census Tract 1071.01 with a value of $96,458, followed by Census Tract 1236.01 and Census Tract 1231, with respective values of $95,872 and $91,602.

Property

$87,400
Median Property Value 2022
±$1,985
$68,705
Median Property Taxes
±$1,866

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Cleveland, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Cleveland, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

40.9%
Homeownership
2022
61.2%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 40.9% of the housing units in Cleveland, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 41.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Cleveland, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 1071.01
  2. Census Tract 1236.01
  3. Census Tract 1231

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Cleveland, OH was Census Tract 1071.01 with a value of $96,458, followed by Census Tract 1236.01 and Census Tract 1231, with respective values of $95,872 and $91,602.

The following map shows all of the places in Cleveland, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$37,271
Median Household Income
± $1,110
168k
Number of Households
± 3,332

In 2022, the median household income of the 168k households in Cleveland, OH grew to $37,271 from the previous year's value of $33,678.

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Cleveland, OH is from Ohio.
0.456
2022 Wage GINI in Ohio
0.456
2021 Wage GINI in Ohio

In 2022, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0361% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (66.8%)
  2. Carpooled (9.55%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.74%)

In 2022, 66.8% of workers in Cleveland, OH drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.55%) and those who worked at home (8.74%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

23.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Cleveland, OH have a shorter commute time (23.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.04% of the workforce in Cleveland, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Cleveland, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Cleveland, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Cleveland, OH have 1 car.

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Poverty & Diversity

31.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Cleveland, OH (112k out of 361k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 55 - 64 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Cleveland, OH is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

92.5% of the population of Cleveland, OH has health coverage, with 32.2% on employee plans, 40.8% on Medicaid, 9.76% on Medicare, 8.31% on non-group plans, and 1.38% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Cuyahoga County, OH see 870 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.92% decrease from the previous year (887 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 922 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 228 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Cuyahoga County, OH.
870 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Cuyahoga County, OH

Primary care physicians in Cuyahoga County, OH see an average of 870 patients per year. This represents a 1.92% decrease from the previous year (887 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Cuyahoga County, OH in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.8% under 18 years, 25.7% between 18 and 34 years, 37.2% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.3% were men and 52.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

7.48%
Uninsured
32.2%
Employer Coverage
40.8%
Medicaid
9.76%
Medicare
8.31%
Non-Group
1.38%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Cleveland, OH declined by 0.057% from 7.48% to 7.48%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Cleveland, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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