Congressional District 5, TX

Congressional District

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2022 Population
773,020
0.0928% 1-year decline
US Senator
John Cornyn
Republican Party
US Senator
Ted Cruz
Republican Party
US Representative
Lance Gooden
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
37.3
3.32% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
11.1%
15.9% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$73,561
22.8% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$225,000
29.9% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Congressional District 5, TX had a population of 773k people with a median age of 37.3 and a median household income of $73,561. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Congressional District 5, TX declined from 773,738 to 773,020, a −0.0928% decrease and its median household income grew from $59,889 to $73,561, a 22.8% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Congressional District 5, TX are White (Non-Hispanic) (48.1%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (14%), White (Hispanic) (13.6%), Two+ (Hispanic) (10.4%), and Other (Hispanic) (5.46%).

29.5% of the households in Congressional District 5, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

90.9% of the residents in Congressional District 5, TX are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Congressional District 5, TX was $225,000, and the homeownership rate was 73.1%.

Most people in Congressional District 5, TX drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 32.4 minutes. The average car ownership in Congressional District 5, TX was 2 cars per household.

Congressional District 5, TX borders .

Population & Diversity

Congressional District 5, TX is home to a population of 773k people, from which 90.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 15.8% of Congressional District 5, TX residents were born outside of the country (122k people).

In 2022, there were 3.45 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (372k people) in Congressional District 5, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 108k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 105k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Congressional District 5, TX are Spanish (169,367 households), Vietnamese (11,353 households), and Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages (4,188 households).

Citizenship

90.9%
2022 Citizenship
89.7%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 90.9% of Congressional District 5, TX residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Congressional District 5, TX was 89.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Congressional District 5, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Congressional District 5, TX
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    372k ± 3.69k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    108k ± 3.95k
  3. White (Hispanic)
    105k ± 5.19k
30%
Hispanic Population
232k people

In 2022, there were 3.45 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (372k people) in Congressional District 5, TX than any other race or ethnicity. There were 108k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 105k White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

30% of the people in Congressional District 5, TX are hispanic (232k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Congressional District 5, TX as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

15.8%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
122k people
14.4%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
111k people

As of 2022, 15.8% of Congressional District 5, TX residents (122k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Congressional District 5, TX was 14.4%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Congressional District 5, TX compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    169,367 households (23.4%)
  2. Vietnamese
    11,353 households (1.57%)
  3. Malayalam, Kannada, or Other Dravidian Languages
    4,188 households (0.579%)

29.5% of the households in Congressional District 5, TX reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2022, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Congressional District 5, TX was Spanish. 23.4% of the households in Congressional District 5, TX reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    12,642 ± 843
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    9,179 ± 887
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    6,726 ± 715

Congressional District 5, TX has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.38 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Congressional District 5, TX employs 367k people. The largest industries in Congressional District 5, TX are Health Care & Social Assistance (43,547 people), Retail Trade (43,209 people), and Construction (41,530 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($69,926), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($68,973), and Management of Companies & Enterprises ($65,085).

Occupations

367k
2022 Value
± 5,666
4.91%
1 Year growth
± 2.08%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Congressional District 5, TX grew at a rate of 4.91%, from 350k employees to 367k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Congressional District 5, TX, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (46,798 people), Sales & Related Occupations (34,889 people), and Management Occupations (34,437 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Congressional District 5, TX.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Texas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

367k
2022 Value
± 5,666
4.91%
1 Year growth
± 2.08%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Congressional District 5, TX grew at a rate of 4.91%, from 350k employees to 367k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Congressional District 5, TX, are Health Care & Social Assistance (43,547 people), Retail Trade (43,209 people), and Construction (41,530 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Congressional District 5, TX, though some of these residents may live in Congressional District 5, TX and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$47,397
Median earning men ± $951
$35,580
Median earning women ± $730

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Information ($77,755), Public Administration ($67,024), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($66,923).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($52,543), Wholesale Trade ($50,625), and Public Administration ($48,168).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Y-Axis
4.59%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 13.8M people employed in Texas. This represents a 4.59% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 9.63%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Texas.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Texas went to Donald J. Trump with 52.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (46.5%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.12%).

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing the state of Texas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Congressional District 5, TX is currently represented by Lance Gooden in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Texas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
John Cornyn
Senator from Texas2
Assumed office on December 2, 2002
Phil Gramm resigned (effective November 30, 2002) a few weeks before the expiration of his term in hopes that his successor, fellow Republican John Cornyn, could gain seniority over other newly elected senators. However, Cornyn did not gain additional seniority due to a 1980 Rules Committee policy.
Ted Cruz
Senator from Texas1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

John Cornyn and Ted Cruz are the senators currently representing Texas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Texas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Congressional District 5, TX

Lance Gooden
District 5 Representative
Republican Party

Congressional District 5, TX is currently represented by Lance Gooden (Republican Party).

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the member for Congressional District 5, TX have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Measure

In 2022, 1.59% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.53% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Texas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (5.7M), Some college (4.97M), and Bachelors Degree (4.2M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Congressional District 5, TX was $225,000 in 2022, which is 0.798 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $173,200 to $225,000, a 29.9% increase. The homeownership rate in Congressional District 5, TX is 73.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Congressional District 5, TX have an average commute time of 32.4 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Congressional District 5, TX is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Congressional District 5, TX is $73,561. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Congressional District 5, TX was Congressional District 3, TX with a value of $113,405, followed by Congressional District 24, TX and Congressional District 26, TX, with respective values of $109,014 and $108,948.

Property

$225,000
Median Property Value 2022
±$2,666
$192,603
Median Property Taxes
±$3,503

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Congressional District 5, TX the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Congressional District 5, TX compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

73.1%
Homeownership
2022
64.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 73.1% of the housing units in Congressional District 5, TX were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 65.9%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Congressional District 5, TX compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$73,561
Median Household Income
± $1,422
264k
Number of Households
± 4,457

In 2022, the median household income of the 264k households in Congressional District 5, TX grew to $73,561 from the previous year's value of $59,889.

The following chart displays the households in Congressional District 5, TX distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (77.5%)
  2. Carpooled (10.9%)
  3. Worked At Home (8.91%)

In 2022, 77.5% of workers in Congressional District 5, TX drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (10.9%) and those who worked at home (8.91%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

32.4 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Congressional District 5, TX have a longer commute time (32.4 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.58% of the workforce in Congressional District 5, TX have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Congressional District 5, TX compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Congressional District 5, TX distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Congressional District 5, TX have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

11.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Congressional District 5, TX (84.7k out of 763k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Congressional District 5, TX is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 27.2% under 18 years, 20.2% between 18 and 34 years, 38% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.8% were men and 51.2% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

18.6%
Uninsured
43%
Employer Coverage
14.8%
Medicaid
11.4%
Medicare
11%
Non-Group
1.29%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Congressional District 5, TX declined by 8.32% from 20.3% to 18.6%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Congressional District 5, TX changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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