Dayton, OH

Census Place

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2022 Population
137,305
0.803% 1-year decline
US Senator
Sherrod Brown
Democratic Party
US Senator
J. D. Vance
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
34
1.49% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
27.5%
3.66% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$41,443
10.4% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$86,200
17.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
58,256
1.35% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Dayton, OH had a population of 137k people with a median age of 34 and a median household income of $41,443. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Dayton, OH declined from 138,416 to 137,305, a −0.803% decrease and its median household income grew from $37,536 to $41,443, a 10.4% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Dayton, OH are White (Non-Hispanic) (50.3%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (37.9%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.67%), Other (Hispanic) (1.88%), and White (Hispanic) (1.65%).

None of the households in Dayton, OH reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

97% of the residents in Dayton, OH are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Dayton, OH are Sinclair Community College (10,362 degrees awarded in 2022), University of Dayton (3,297 degrees), and Ohio Medical Career College (82 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Dayton, OH was $86,200, and the homeownership rate was 48.4%.

Most people in Dayton, OH drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 21.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Dayton, OH was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Dayton, OH is home to a population of 137k people, from which 97% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.72% of Dayton, OH residents were born outside of the country (6.47k people).

In 2022, there were 1.33 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (69.1k people) in Dayton, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 52k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.41k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

97%
2022 Citizenship
97.1%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 97% of Dayton, OH residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Dayton, OH was 97.1%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Dayton, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Dayton, OH
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    69.1k ± 1.75k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    52k ± 1.92k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    6.41k ± 895
5.22%
Hispanic Population
7.17k people

In 2022, there were 1.33 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (69.1k people) in Dayton, OH than any other race or ethnicity. There were 52k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 6.41k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.22% of the people in Dayton, OH are hispanic (7.17k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Dayton, OH as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Ohio.
Most Common Origin
  1. India
    65,962 ± 6,288 people
  2. Mexico
    43,233 ± 5,095 people
  3. China
    34,193 ± 4,533 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Ohio was India, the natal country of 65,962 Ohio residents, followed by Mexico with 43,233 and China with 34,193.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.72%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
6.47k people
4.96%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
6.87k people

As of 2022, 4.72% of Dayton, OH residents (6.47k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Dayton, OH was 4.96%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Dayton, OH compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    2,149 ± 378
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    1,542 ± 354
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    1,215 ± 231

Dayton, OH has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Dayton, OH employs 58.3k people. The largest industries in Dayton, OH are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,771 people), Manufacturing (8,066 people), and Retail Trade (6,084 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($82,344), Public Administration ($63,065), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($56,991).

Males in Ohio have an average income that is 1.32 times higher than the average income of females, which is $57,975. The income inequality in Ohio (measured using the Gini index) is 0.456, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

58.3k
2022 Value
± 2,112
1.35%
1 Year growth
± 4.95%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Dayton, OH grew at a rate of 1.35%, from 57.5k employees to 58.3k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Dayton, OH, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (7,400 people), Production Occupations (5,629 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (4,885 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Dayton, OH.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Ohio (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

58.3k
2022 Value
± 2,112
1.35%
1 Year growth
± 4.95%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Dayton, OH grew at a rate of 1.35%, from 57.5k employees to 58.3k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Dayton, OH, are Health Care & Social Assistance (9,771 people), Manufacturing (8,066 people), and Retail Trade (6,084 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Dayton, OH, though some of these residents may live in Dayton, OH and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$36,948
Median earning men ± $1,456
$30,760
Median earning women ± $1,612

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($67,629), Information ($63,179), and Wholesale Trade ($44,333).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($60,590), Construction ($54,327), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($43,809).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Y-Axis
1.48%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 5.51M people employed in Ohio. This represents a 1.48% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 15.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Ohio.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Ohio went to Donald J. Trump with 53.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (45.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.14%).

Sherrod Brown and J. D. Vance are the senators currently representing the state of Ohio. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Ohio is currently represented by 15 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Ohio

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Sherrod Brown
Senator from Ohio1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
J. D. Vance
Senator from Ohio3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Sherrod Brown and J. D. Vance are the senators currently representing Ohio.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Ohio over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Ohio

Ohio is currently represented by 15 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Ohio have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Dayton, OH awarded 13,820 degrees. The student population of Dayton, OH in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 14,050 male students and 15,447 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Dayton, OH are White (8,984 and 67.6%), followed by Black or African American (2,328 and 17.5%), Unknown (880 and 6.62%), and Hispanic or Latino (474 and 3.57%).

The largest universities in Dayton, OH by number of degrees awarded are Sinclair Community College (10,362 and 75%), University of Dayton (3,297 and 23.9%), and Ohio Medical Career College (82 and 0.593%).

The most popular majors in Dayton, OH are Customer Service Support Operation (4,558 and 33%), General Business Administration & Management (812 and 5.88%), and Substance Abuse Counseling (371 and 2.68%).

The median tuition costs in Dayton, OH are $46,170 for private four year colleges, and $3,889 and $7,636 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Dayton, OH, the percentage of applicants admitted was 74.1%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 14.3%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 29,497 (47.6% men and 52.4% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 29,497 students enrolled in Dayton, OH, 47.6% men and 52.4% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 19,584 records, of which 53.9% were women and 46.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 289 degrees awarded
  2. 217 degrees awarded
  3. 169 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Dayton, OH was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 289 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Dayton, OH according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 10,362 degrees awarded
  2. 3,297 degrees awarded
  3. 82 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Sinclair Community College with 10,362 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 8,401 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Dayton, OH, which is 1.55 times more than the 5,419 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 8,984 degrees mean that there were 3.86 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 2,328 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($46,170) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($680) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Measure

In 2022, 0.724% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.686% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Ohio.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (3.05M), Some college (1.98M), and Bachelors Degree (1.63M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Dayton, OH was $86,200 in 2022, which is 0.306 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $73,300 to $86,200, a 17.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Dayton, OH is 48.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Dayton, OH have an average commute time of 21.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Dayton, OH is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Dayton, OH is $41,443. In 2022, the place with the highest median household income in Dayton, OH was Census Tract 903.03 with a value of $111,319, followed by Census Tract 903.04 and Census Tract 34.03, with respective values of $108,793 and $105,313.

Property

$86,200
Median Property Value 2022
±$3,460
$27,739
Median Property Taxes
±$1,322

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Dayton, OH the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Dayton, OH compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

48.4%
Homeownership
2022
61.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 48.4% of the housing units in Dayton, OH were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Dayton, OH compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 903.03
  2. Census Tract 903.04
  3. Census Tract 34.03

In 2022, the place with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Dayton, OH was Census Tract 903.03 with a value of $111,319, followed by Census Tract 903.04 and Census Tract 34.03, with respective values of $108,793 and $105,313.

The following map shows all of the places in Dayton, OH colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$41,443
Median Household Income
± $1,495
57.4k
Number of Households
± 1,975

In 2022, the median household income of the 57.4k households in Dayton, OH grew to $41,443 from the previous year's value of $37,536.

The following chart displays the households in Dayton, OH distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Dayton, OH is from Ohio.
0.456
2022 Wage GINI in Ohio
0.456
2021 Wage GINI in Ohio

In 2022, the income inequality in Ohio was 0.456 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0361% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Ohio was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Ohio in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Ohio across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (70.7%)
  2. Carpooled (9.15%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.68%)

In 2022, 70.7% of workers in Dayton, OH drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.15%) and those who worked at home (7.68%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

21.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Dayton, OH have a shorter commute time (21.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.72% of the workforce in Dayton, OH have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Dayton, OH compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Dayton, OH distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Dayton, OH have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

27.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Dayton, OH (34.5k out of 125k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 18 - 24 and then Males 55 - 64.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Dayton, OH is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

91% of the population of Dayton, OH has health coverage, with 36.4% on employee plans, 34% on Medicaid, 9.4% on Medicare, 8.88% on non-group plans, and 2.33% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Montgomery County, OH see 1024 patients per year on average, which represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1054 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1749 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 312 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Montgomery County, OH.
1,024 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Montgomery County, OH

Primary care physicians in Montgomery County, OH see an average of 1,024 patients per year. This represents a 2.85% decrease from the previous year (1,054 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Montgomery County, OH in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24% under 18 years, 27.7% between 18 and 34 years, 35.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.3% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.5% were men and 51.5% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.97%
Uninsured
36.4%
Employer Coverage
34%
Medicaid
9.4%
Medicare
8.88%
Non-Group
2.33%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Dayton, OH declined by 1.2% from 9.08% to 8.97%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Dayton, OH changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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