Estill County, KY

County

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2022 Population
14,138
0.134% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
43.7
0.228% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
24%
6.62% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$39,980
10% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$100,600
21.1% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Estill County, KY had a population of 14.1k people with a median age of 43.7 and a median household income of $39,980. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Estill County, KY declined from 14,157 to 14,138, a −0.134% decrease and its median household income grew from $36,336 to $39,980, a 10% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Estill County, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (96%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.21%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.729%), Two+ (Hispanic) (0.693%), and White (Hispanic) (0.141%).

None of the households in Estill County, KY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99.2% of the residents in Estill County, KY are U.S. citizens.

In 2022, the median property value in Estill County, KY was $100,600, and the homeownership rate was 73.9%.

Most people in Estill County, KY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 34.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Estill County, KY was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Estill County, KY is home to a population of 14.1k people, from which 99.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.3% of Estill County, KY residents were born outside of the country (184 people).

In 2022, there were 43.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (13.6k people) in Estill County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 313 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 103 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99.2%
2022 Citizenship
99.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99.2% of Estill County, KY residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Estill County, KY was 99.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Estill County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Estill County, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    13.6k ± 90
  2. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    313 ± 178
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    103 ± 156
0.835%
Hispanic Population
118 people

In 2022, there were 43.4 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (13.6k people) in Estill County, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 313 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) and 103 Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

0.835% of the people in Estill County, KY are hispanic (118 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Estill County, KY as a share of the total population.

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Foreign-Born Population

1.3%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
184 people
1.1%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
156 people

As of 2022, 1.3% of Estill County, KY residents (184 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Estill County, KY was 1.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Estill County, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    255 ± 90
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    149 ± 89
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    120 ± 83

Estill County, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.71 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Estill County, KY employs 4.82k people. The largest industries in Estill County, KY are Manufacturing (1,111 people), Retail Trade (613 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (534 people), and the highest paying industries are Utilities ($86,563), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($53,207), and Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($52,969).

Occupations

4.82k
2022 Value
± 518
−2.77%
1 Year decline
± 15.5%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Estill County, KY declined at a rate of −2.77%, from 4.95k employees to 4.82k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Estill County, KY, are Production Occupations (864 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (634 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (537 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Estill County, KY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

4.82k
2022 Value
± 518
−2.77%
1 Year decline
± 15.5%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Estill County, KY declined at a rate of −2.77%, from 4.95k employees to 4.82k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Estill County, KY, are Manufacturing (1,111 people), Retail Trade (613 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (534 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Estill County, KY, though some of these residents may live in Estill County, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$35,357
Median earning men ± $7,733
$29,078
Median earning women ± $3,858

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($49,234), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($47,417), and Other Services Except Public Administration ($45,313).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Manufacturing ($43,052), Public Administration ($35,833), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($34,840).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Y-Axis
2.51%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.98M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 2.51% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 14.4%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 66
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 49
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 49
    Retail Trade

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Estill County, KY went to Donald J. Trump with 78% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (20.7%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.979%).

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Kentucky

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Measure

In 2022, 0.821% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.756% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.17M), Some college (766k), and Secondary Education (551k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Estill County, KY was $100,600 in 2022, which is 0.357 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $83,100 to $100,600, a 21.1% increase. The homeownership rate in Estill County, KY is 73.9%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Estill County, KY have an average commute time of 34.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Estill County, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Property

$100,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$9,188
$4,239
Median Property Taxes
±$437

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Estill County, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Estill County, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

73.9%
Homeownership
2022
65.7%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 73.9% of the housing units in Estill County, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 71.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Estill County, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 9204
  2. Census Tract 9201

The following map shows all of the tracts in Estill County, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$39,980
Median Household Income
± $7,132
5.74k
Number of Households
± 539

In 2022, the median household income of the 5.74k households in Estill County, KY grew to $39,980 from the previous year's value of $36,336.

The following chart displays the households in Estill County, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Estill County, KY is from Kentucky.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Kentucky
0.453
2021 Wage GINI in Kentucky

In 2022, the income inequality in Kentucky was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.286% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Kentucky was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Kentucky in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Kentucky across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (75.6%)
  2. Carpooled (14.6%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.97%)

In 2022, 75.6% of workers in Estill County, KY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (14.6%) and those who worked at home (4.97%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

34.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Estill County, KY have a longer commute time (34.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 7.92% of the workforce in Estill County, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Estill County, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Estill County, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Estill County, KY have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

24% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Estill County, KY (3.35k out of 14k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 45 - 54 and then Females 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Estill County, KY is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

95.1% of the population of Estill County, KY has health coverage, with 29.9% on employee plans, 42.1% on Medicaid, 13.6% on Medicare, 8.15% on non-group plans, and 1.36% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Estill County, KY see 4702 patients per year on average, which represents a 32.5% increase from the previous year (3550 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2016 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 1283 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.3% were men and 49.7% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

4,702 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Estill County, KY

Primary care physicians in Estill County, KY see an average of 4,702 patients per year. This represents a 32.5% increase from the previous year (3,550 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Estill County, KY in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 22.8% under 18 years, 17.3% between 18 and 34 years, 41.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 18.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 50.3% were men and 49.7% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.88%
Uninsured
29.9%
Employer Coverage
42.1%
Medicaid
13.6%
Medicare
8.15%
Non-Group
1.36%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Estill County, KY declined by 18.7% from 6.01% to 4.88%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Estill County, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was N/A in Estill County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Estill County, KY.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 41.2% in Estill County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Estill County, KY.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 8.35% in Estill County, KY.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Estill County, KY.

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