Frederick County, MD

County

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2022 Population
273,829
2.37% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ben Cardin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Van Hollen
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
38.9
0.258% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
6.16%
7.09% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$115,724
9.04% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$412,500
15.7% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
144,673
2.85% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Frederick County, MD had a population of 274k people with a median age of 38.9 and a median household income of $115,724. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Frederick County, MD grew from 267,498 to 273,829, a 2.37% increase and its median household income grew from $106,129 to $115,724, a 9.04% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Frederick County, MD are White (Non-Hispanic) (69.5%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (9.79%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (4.93%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (4.36%), and White (Hispanic) (4.33%).

None of the households in Frederick County, MD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

94.9% of the residents in Frederick County, MD are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Frederick County, MD are Frederick Community College (931 degrees awarded in 2022), Mount St. Mary's University (747 degrees), and Hood College (545 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Frederick County, MD was $412,500, and the homeownership rate was 76.4%.

Most people in Frederick County, MD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 33.7 minutes. The average car ownership in Frederick County, MD was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Frederick County, MD is home to a population of 274k people, from which 94.9% are citizens. As of 2022, 11.9% of Frederick County, MD residents were born outside of the country (32.4k people).

In 2022, there were 7.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (190k people) in Frederick County, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 26.8k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 13.5k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

94.9%
2022 Citizenship
95.3%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 94.9% of Frederick County, MD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Frederick County, MD was 95.3%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Frederick County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Frederick County, MD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    190k ± 375
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    26.8k ± 904
  3. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    13.5k ± 457
11%
Hispanic Population
30.1k people

In 2022, there were 7.1 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (190k people) in Frederick County, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 26.8k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 13.5k Asian (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

11% of the people in Frederick County, MD are hispanic (30.1k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Frederick County, MD as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    115,960 ± 8,281 people
  2. India
    61,668 ± 6,066 people
  3. Nigeria
    45,887 ± 5,240 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maryland was El Salvador, the natal country of 115,960 Maryland residents, followed by India with 61,668 and Nigeria with 45,887.

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Foreign-Born Population

11.9%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
32.4k people
11.1%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
29.6k people

As of 2022, 11.9% of Frederick County, MD residents (32.4k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Frederick County, MD was 11.1%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Frederick County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    4,730 ± 484
  2. Vietnam
    4,096 ± 326
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    2,840 ± 404

Frederick County, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.15 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Frederick County, MD employs 145k people. The largest industries in Frederick County, MD are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (20,039 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,638 people), and Retail Trade (14,647 people), and the highest paying industries are Public Administration ($109,149), Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($104,490), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($93,224).

Males in Maryland have an average income that is 1.24 times higher than the average income of females, which is $77,266. The income inequality in Maryland (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

145k
2022 Value
± 2,833
2.85%
1 Year growth
± 2.66%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Frederick County, MD grew at a rate of 2.85%, from 141k employees to 145k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Frederick County, MD, are Management Occupations (20,495 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (13,869 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,828 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Frederick County, MD.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

145k
2022 Value
± 2,833
2.85%
1 Year growth
± 2.66%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Frederick County, MD grew at a rate of 2.85%, from 141k employees to 145k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Frederick County, MD, are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services (20,039 people), Health Care & Social Assistance (16,638 people), and Retail Trade (14,647 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Frederick County, MD, though some of these residents may live in Frederick County, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$72,915
Median earning men ± $2,004
$50,237
Median earning women ± $1,822

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($114,873), Information ($113,027), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($104,905).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($101,052), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($75,377), and Wholesale Trade ($72,981).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Y-Axis
0.617%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.69M people employed in Maryland. This represents a 0.617% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13.9%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Maryland.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 2,593
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,804
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 1,285
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Frederick County, MD went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 53.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (43.7%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.57%).

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing the state of Maryland. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Maryland

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Ben Cardin
Senator from Maryland1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Chris Van Hollen
Senator from Maryland3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing Maryland.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maryland over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maryland

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Maryland have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Frederick County, MD awarded 2,295 degrees. The student population of Frederick County, MD in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 4,487 male students and 6,005 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Frederick County, MD are White (1,427 and 64.2%), followed by Black or African American (306 and 13.8%), Hispanic or Latino (263 and 11.8%), and Two or More Races (107 and 4.82%).

The largest universities in Frederick County, MD by number of degrees awarded are Frederick Community College (931 and 40.6%), Mount St. Mary's University (747 and 32.5%), and Hood College (545 and 23.7%).

The most popular majors in Frederick County, MD are General Business (192 and 8.37%), Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (183 and 7.97%), and General Business Administration & Management (162 and 7.06%).

The median tuition cost in Frederick County, MD for private four year colleges is $44,065.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Frederick County, MD, the percentage of applicants admitted was 78.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 13%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 10,492 (42.8% men and 57.2% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 10,492 students enrolled in Frederick County, MD, 42.8% men and 57.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 5,939 records, of which 56% were women and 44% men.

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Concentrations

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Frederick County, MD was Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities with 183 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Frederick County, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 931 degrees awarded
  2. 747 degrees awarded
  3. 545 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Frederick Community College with 931 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 937 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Frederick County, MD, which is 0.69 times less than the 1,358 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,427 degrees mean that there were 4.66 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 306 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($44,065) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,120) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,294) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Measure

In 2022, 1.12% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.05% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.2M), Bachelors Degree (1.04M), and Some college (961k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Frederick County, MD was $412,500 in 2022, which is 1.46 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $356,500 to $412,500, a 15.7% increase. The homeownership rate in Frederick County, MD is 76.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Frederick County, MD have an average commute time of 33.7 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Frederick County, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Frederick County, MD is $115,724. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Frederick County, MD was Census Tract 7519.04 with a value of $177,802, followed by Census Tract 7522.02 and Census Tract 7519.03, with respective values of $175,917 and $171,364.

In 2022, 13.4% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Frederick County, MD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.302%.

Property

$412,500
Median Property Value 2022
±$4,943
$76,338
Median Property Taxes
±$1,588

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Frederick County, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Frederick County, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

76.4%
Homeownership
2022
69.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 76.4% of the housing units in Frederick County, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 76.4%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Frederick County, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 7519.04
  2. Census Tract 7522.02
  3. Census Tract 7519.03

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Frederick County, MD was Census Tract 7519.04 with a value of $177,802, followed by Census Tract 7522.02 and Census Tract 7519.03, with respective values of $175,917 and $171,364.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Frederick County, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$115,724
Median Household Income
± $2,555
99.9k
Number of Households
± 2,316

In 2022, the median household income of the 99.9k households in Frederick County, MD grew to $115,724 from the previous year's value of $106,129.

The following chart displays the households in Frederick County, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Frederick County, MD is from Maryland.
0.454
2022 Wage GINI in Maryland
0.456
2021 Wage GINI in Maryland

In 2022, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.498% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (71.9%)
  2. Worked At Home (16.3%)
  3. Carpooled (7.72%)

In 2022, 71.9% of workers in Frederick County, MD drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (16.3%) and those who carpooled to work (7.72%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

33.7 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Frederick County, MD have a longer commute time (33.7 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 5.3% of the workforce in Frederick County, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Frederick County, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Frederick County, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Frederick County, MD have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 13.4% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Frederick County, MD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.302%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

6.16% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Frederick County, MD (16.6k out of 269k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 45 - 54.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Frederick County, MD is White, followed by Hispanic and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 7.2% of the children was living in poverty in Frederick County, MD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.8%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 249 in Frederick County, MD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 53 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

95.5% of the population of Frederick County, MD has health coverage, with 60.9% on employee plans, 10.4% on Medicaid, 11.3% on Medicare, 11.2% on non-group plans, and 1.58% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Frederick County, MD see 1573 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.945% decrease from the previous year (1588 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1490 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 400 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.9% were men and 51.1% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,573 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Frederick County, MD

Primary care physicians in Frederick County, MD see an average of 1,573 patients per year. This represents a 0.945% decrease from the previous year (1,588 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Frederick County, MD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.7% under 18 years, 19.7% between 18 and 34 years, 41% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.6% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.9% were men and 51.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

4.52%
Uninsured
60.9%
Employer Coverage
10.4%
Medicaid
11.3%
Medicare
11.2%
Non-Group
1.58%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Frederick County, MD declined by 0.957% from 4.56% to 4.52%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Frederick County, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 34.3 in Frederick County, MD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Frederick County, MD.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 29.3% in Frederick County, MD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Frederick County, MD.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 5.52% in Frederick County, MD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Frederick County, MD.

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