Harford County, MD

County

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2022 Population
261,059
0.732% 1-year growth
US Senator
Ben Cardin
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Van Hollen
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
40.4
0% 1-year change
2022 Poverty Rate
7.14%
5.39% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$106,417
8.04% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$351,100
11.4% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
136,000
0.459% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Harford County, MD had a population of 261k people with a median age of 40.4 and a median household income of $106,417. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Harford County, MD grew from 259,162 to 261,059, a 0.732% increase and its median household income grew from $98,495 to $106,417, a 8.04% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Harford County, MD are White (Non-Hispanic) (73.6%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (14%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.94%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.86%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (1.73%).

None of the households in Harford County, MD reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.5% of the residents in Harford County, MD are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Harford County, MD are Harford Community College (917 degrees awarded in 2022) and Aveda Institute-Maryland (151 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Harford County, MD was $351,100, and the homeownership rate was 80%.

Most people in Harford County, MD drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 32.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Harford County, MD was 2 cars per household.

Population & Diversity

Harford County, MD is home to a population of 261k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 4.92% of Harford County, MD residents were born outside of the country (12.9k people).

In 2022, there were 5.25 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (192k people) in Harford County, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 36.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 10.3k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.5%
2022 Citizenship
98.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.5% of Harford County, MD residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Harford County, MD was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Harford County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Harford County, MD
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    192k ± 440
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    36.6k ± 1.02k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    10.3k ± 1.15k
4.96%
Hispanic Population
12.9k people

In 2022, there were 5.25 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (192k people) in Harford County, MD than any other race or ethnicity. There were 36.6k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 10.3k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

4.96% of the people in Harford County, MD are hispanic (12.9k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Harford County, MD as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Maryland.
Most Common Origin
  1. El Salvador
    115,960 ± 8,281 people
  2. India
    61,668 ± 6,066 people
  3. Nigeria
    45,887 ± 5,240 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Maryland was El Salvador, the natal country of 115,960 Maryland residents, followed by India with 61,668 and Nigeria with 45,887.

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Foreign-Born Population

4.92%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
12.9k people
4.97%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
12.9k people

As of 2022, 4.92% of Harford County, MD residents (12.9k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Harford County, MD was 4.97%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Harford County, MD compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Gulf War (2001-)
    5,951 ± 621
  2. Vietnam
    4,764 ± 351
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    3,379 ± 423

Harford County, MD has a large population of military personnel who served in Gulf War (2001-), 1.25 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Harford County, MD employs 136k people. The largest industries in Harford County, MD are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,279 people), Public Administration (15,884 people), and Retail Trade (14,962 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($127,031), Utilities ($110,022), and Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($109,706).

Males in Maryland have an average income that is 1.24 times higher than the average income of females, which is $77,266. The income inequality in Maryland (measured using the Gini index) is 0.454, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

136k
2022 Value
± 3,001
0.459%
1 Year growth
± 3.08%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Harford County, MD grew at a rate of 0.459%, from 135k employees to 136k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Harford County, MD, are Management Occupations (18,192 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (15,424 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (12,747 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Harford County, MD.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Maryland (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

136k
2022 Value
± 3,001
0.459%
1 Year growth
± 3.08%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Harford County, MD grew at a rate of 0.459%, from 135k employees to 136k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Harford County, MD, are Health Care & Social Assistance (19,279 people), Public Administration (15,884 people), and Retail Trade (14,962 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Harford County, MD, though some of these residents may live in Harford County, MD and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$73,157
Median earning men ± $1,880
$49,272
Median earning women ± $2,111

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Public Administration ($105,352), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($95,260), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($92,111).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($92,975), Wholesale Trade ($74,708), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($67,608).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Y-Axis
0.617%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.69M people employed in Maryland. This represents a 0.617% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 13.9%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Maryland.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 2,330
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 1,595
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 1,147
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Harford County, MD went to Donald J. Trump with 54.6% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (42.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.67%).

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing the state of Maryland. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Maryland

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Ben Cardin
Senator from Maryland1
Assumed office on January 3, 2007
Chris Van Hollen
Senator from Maryland3
Assumed office on January 3, 2017

Ben Cardin and Chris Van Hollen are the senators currently representing Maryland.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Maryland over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Maryland

Maryland is currently represented by 8 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Maryland have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Harford County, MD awarded 1,068 degrees. The student population of Harford County, MD in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 1,837 male students and 2,848 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Harford County, MD are White (711 and 67.3%), followed by Black or African American (177 and 16.8%), Hispanic or Latino (69 and 6.53%), and Two or More Races (50 and 4.73%).

The largest universities in Harford County, MD by number of degrees awarded are Harford Community College (917 and 85.9%) and Aveda Institute-Maryland (151 and 14.1%).

The most popular majors in Harford County, MD are Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities (175 and 16.4%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (169 and 15.8%), and General Business (125 and 11.7%).

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 4,685 students enrolled in Harford County, MD, 39.2% men and 60.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 3,050 records, of which 60.5% were women and 39.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 175 degrees awarded
  2. 169 degrees awarded
  3. 125 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Harford County, MD was Other Liberal Arts & Sciences, General Studies, & Humanities with 175 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Harford County, MD according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 917 degrees awarded
  2. 151 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Harford Community College with 917 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2022, 395 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Harford County, MD, which is 0.587 times less than the 673 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 711 degrees mean that there were 4.02 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 177 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($5,520) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($648) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,300) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Measure

In 2022, 1.12% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 1.05% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Maryland.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.2M), Bachelors Degree (1.04M), and Some college (961k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Harford County, MD was $351,100 in 2022, which is 1.25 times larger than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $315,200 to $351,100, a 11.4% increase. The homeownership rate in Harford County, MD is 80%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Harford County, MD have an average commute time of 32.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Harford County, MD is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Harford County, MD is $106,417. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Harford County, MD was Census Tract 3036.06 with a value of $198,355, followed by Census Tract 3032.05 and Census Tract 3036.03, with respective values of $190,357 and $177,353.

In 2022, 13.2% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Harford County, MD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.612%.

Property

$351,100
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,458
$79,011
Median Property Taxes
±$1,825

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Harford County, MD the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Harford County, MD compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

80%
Homeownership
2022
68.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 80% of the housing units in Harford County, MD were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 79.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Harford County, MD compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 3036.06
  2. Census Tract 3032.05
  3. Census Tract 3036.03

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Harford County, MD was Census Tract 3036.06 with a value of $198,355, followed by Census Tract 3032.05 and Census Tract 3036.03, with respective values of $190,357 and $177,353.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Harford County, MD colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$106,417
Median Household Income
± $2,845
98.8k
Number of Households
± 2,390

In 2022, the median household income of the 98.8k households in Harford County, MD grew to $106,417 from the previous year's value of $98,495.

The following chart displays the households in Harford County, MD distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $200k+ range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Harford County, MD is from Maryland.
0.454
2022 Wage GINI in Maryland
0.456
2021 Wage GINI in Maryland

In 2022, the income inequality in Maryland was 0.454 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.498% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Maryland was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Maryland in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Maryland across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (78.1%)
  2. Worked At Home (11.6%)
  3. Carpooled (7.25%)

In 2022, 78.1% of workers in Harford County, MD drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (11.6%) and those who carpooled to work (7.25%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

32.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Harford County, MD have a longer commute time (32.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 3.43% of the workforce in Harford County, MD have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Harford County, MD compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Harford County, MD distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Harford County, MD have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 13.2% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Harford County, MD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator grew 0.612%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

7.14% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Harford County, MD (18.5k out of 260k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is lower than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Females 75+.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Harford County, MD is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 7.2% of the children was living in poverty in Harford County, MD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 3.4%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 234 in Harford County, MD. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 90 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

96.5% of the population of Harford County, MD has health coverage, with 57.6% on employee plans, 11.1% on Medicaid, 11.7% on Medicare, 13.9% on non-group plans, and 2.12% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Harford County, MD see 1838 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.32% increase from the previous year (1814 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1520 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 445 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.9% were men and 51.1% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,838 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Harford County, MD

Primary care physicians in Harford County, MD see an average of 1,838 patients per year. This represents a 1.32% increase from the previous year (1,814 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Harford County, MD in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 23.6% under 18 years, 18.9% between 18 and 34 years, 40.9% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48.9% were men and 51.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

3.46%
Uninsured
57.6%
Employer Coverage
11.1%
Medicaid
11.7%
Medicare
13.9%
Non-Group
2.12%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Harford County, MD grew by 0.201% from 3.45% to 3.46%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Harford County, MD changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 34.9 in Harford County, MD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Harford County, MD.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 34.4% in Harford County, MD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Harford County, MD.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 4.62% in Harford County, MD.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Harford County, MD.

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