Hartford, CT

Census Place

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2022 Population
121,057
0.415% 1-year decline
US Senator
Richard Blumenthal
Democratic Party
US Senator
Chris Murphy
Democratic Party
2022 Median Age
33.1
0.303% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
26.9%
5.46% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$41,841
11.6% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$198,900
15.6% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
53,598
3.98% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Hartford, CT had a population of 121k people with a median age of 33.1 and a median household income of $41,841. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Hartford, CT declined from 121,562 to 121,057, a −0.415% decrease and its median household income grew from $37,477 to $41,841, a 11.6% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Hartford, CT are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (34%), Other (Hispanic) (19.7%), White (Non-Hispanic) (14.9%), White (Hispanic) (12.4%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (11.1%).

None of the households in Hartford, CT reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

88.2% of the residents in Hartford, CT are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Hartford, CT are University of Hartford (1,874 degrees awarded in 2022), Trinity College (664 degrees), and Capital Community College (267 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Hartford, CT was $198,900, and the homeownership rate was 25.6%.

Most people in Hartford, CT drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 22.1 minutes. The average car ownership in Hartford, CT was 1 car per household.

About the photo: Hartford State House

Population & Diversity

Hartford, CT is home to a population of 121k people, from which 88.2% are citizens. As of 2022, 20.9% of Hartford, CT residents were born outside of the country (25.3k people).

In 2022, there were 1.72 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (41.1k people) in Hartford, CT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.9k Other (Hispanic) and 18k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

88.2%
2022 Citizenship
87.9%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 88.2% of Hartford, CT residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Hartford, CT was 87.9%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Hartford, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Hartford, CT
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    41.1k ± 1.53k
  2. Other (Hispanic)
    23.9k ± 1.9k
  3. White (Non-Hispanic)
    18k ± 1.13k
46.1%
Hispanic Population
55.8k people

In 2022, there were 1.72 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (41.1k people) in Hartford, CT than any other race or ethnicity. There were 23.9k Other (Hispanic) and 18k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

46.1% of the people in Hartford, CT are hispanic (55.8k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Hartford, CT as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the Place level, so we are showing data for Connecticut.
Most Common Origin
  1. Jamaica
    41,700 ± 4,984 people
  2. India
    40,990 ± 4,942 people
  3. Dominican Republic
    28,698 ± 4,143 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Connecticut was Jamaica, the natal country of 41,700 Connecticut residents, followed by India with 40,990 and Dominican Republic with 28,698.

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Foreign-Born Population

20.9%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
25.3k people
21.3%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
25.9k people

As of 2022, 20.9% of Hartford, CT residents (25.3k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Hartford, CT was 21.3%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Hartford, CT compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    548 ± 169
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    339 ± 153
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    258 ± 124

Hartford, CT has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.62 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Hartford, CT employs 53.6k people. The largest industries in Hartford, CT are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,651 people), Retail Trade (7,661 people), and Transportation & Warehousing (4,850 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($76,567), Utilities ($70,759), and Finance & Insurance ($67,489).

Males in Connecticut have an average income that is 1.37 times higher than the average income of females, which is $78,304. The income inequality in Connecticut (measured using the Gini index) is 0.501, which is higher than than the national average.

Occupations

53.6k
2022 Value
± 2,148
3.98%
1 Year growth
± 5.32%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Hartford, CT grew at a rate of 3.98%, from 51.5k employees to 53.6k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Hartford, CT, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (6,657 people), Sales & Related Occupations (5,014 people), and Healthcare Support Occupations (4,303 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Hartford, CT.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Connecticut (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

53.6k
2022 Value
± 2,148
3.98%
1 Year growth
± 5.32%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Hartford, CT grew at a rate of 3.98%, from 51.5k employees to 53.6k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Hartford, CT, are Health Care & Social Assistance (10,651 people), Retail Trade (7,661 people), and Transportation & Warehousing (4,850 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Hartford, CT, though some of these residents may live in Hartford, CT and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$38,426
Median earning men ± $3,786
$31,423
Median earning women ± $1,540

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($61,114), Public Administration ($55,521), and Construction ($47,580).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Public Administration ($64,410), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($57,796), and Construction ($50,833).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.
Y-Axis
1.78%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 1.67M people employed in Connecticut. This represents a 1.78% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 17.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Connecticut.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Connecticut went to Joseph R Biden Jr. with 59.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Donald J. Trump (39.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.11%).

Richard Blumenthal and Chris Murphy are the senators currently representing the state of Connecticut. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Connecticut is currently represented by 5 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Connecticut

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.
Richard Blumenthal
Senator from Connecticut3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Chris Murphy
Senator from Connecticut1
Assumed office on January 3, 2013

Richard Blumenthal and Chris Murphy are the senators currently representing Connecticut.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Connecticut over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Connecticut

Connecticut is currently represented by 5 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Connecticut have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Hartford, CT awarded 2,967 degrees. The student population of Hartford, CT in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 5,073 male students and 7,052 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Hartford, CT are White (1,718 and 63.3%), followed by Hispanic or Latino (325 and 12%), Black or African American (323 and 11.9%), and Asian (174 and 6.41%).

The largest universities in Hartford, CT by number of degrees awarded are University of Hartford (1,874 and 63.2%), Trinity College (664 and 22.4%), and Capital Community College (267 and 9%).

The most popular majors in Hartford, CT are General Business Administration & Management (349 and 11.8%), Registered Nursing (119 and 4.01%), and General Psychology (101 and 3.4%).

The median tuition costs in Hartford, CT are $51,961 for private four year colleges, and $15,672 and $38,340 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Hartford, CT, the percentage of applicants admitted was 71.3%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 14.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 12,125 (41.8% men and 58.2% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 12,125 students enrolled in Hartford, CT, 41.8% men and 58.2% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 5,674 records, of which 54.4% were women and 45.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 72 degrees awarded
  2. 98 degrees awarded
  3. 94 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Hartford, CT was General Economics with 72 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Hartford, CT according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 1,874 degrees awarded
  2. 664 degrees awarded
  3. 267 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Hartford with 1,874 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,249 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Hartford, CT, which is 0.727 times less than the 1,718 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 1,718 degrees mean that there were 5.29 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Hispanic or Latino, with 325 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($51,961) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($3,079) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($1,750) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.
Measure

In 2022, 1.08% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.962% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Connecticut.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (765k), Bachelors Degree (631k), and Some college (550k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Hartford, CT was $198,900 in 2022, which is 0.706 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $172,100 to $198,900, a 15.6% increase. The homeownership rate in Hartford, CT is 25.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Hartford, CT have an average commute time of 22.1 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Hartford, CT is lower than the national average, with an average of 1 car per household.

Property

$198,900
Median Property Value 2022
±$8,522
$12,378
Median Property Taxes
±$832

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Hartford, CT the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Hartford, CT compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

25.6%
Homeownership
2022
60.1%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 25.6% of the housing units in Hartford, CT were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 25.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Hartford, CT compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

The following map shows all of the places in Hartford, CT colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$41,841
Median Household Income
± $2,459
48.3k
Number of Households
± 1,940

In 2022, the median household income of the 48.3k households in Hartford, CT grew to $41,841 from the previous year's value of $37,477.

The following chart displays the households in Hartford, CT distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Hartford, CT is from Connecticut.
0.501
2022 Wage GINI in Connecticut
0.502
2021 Wage GINI in Connecticut

In 2022, the income inequality in Connecticut was 0.501 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0861% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Connecticut was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Connecticut in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Connecticut across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (61.7%)
  2. Public Transit (12.2%)
  3. Carpooled (12%)

In 2022, 61.7% of workers in Hartford, CT drove alone to work, followed by those who used public transit to get to work (12.2%) and those who carpooled to work (12%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

22.1 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Hartford, CT have a shorter commute time (22.1 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.83% of the workforce in Hartford, CT have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Hartford, CT compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

1 car
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Hartford, CT distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Hartford, CT have 1 car.

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Poverty & Diversity

26.9% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Hartford, CT (30.5k out of 114k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 35 - 44 and then Males 6 - 11.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Hartford, CT is Hispanic, followed by Black and Other.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

90.5% of the population of Hartford, CT has health coverage, with 32.1% on employee plans, 39.4% on Medicaid, 7.22% on Medicare, 11.3% on non-group plans, and 0.533% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Hartford County, CT see 1039 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.776% increase from the previous year (1031 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 929 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 177 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the country level. Showing data for Hartford County, CT.
1,039 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Hartford County, CT

Primary care physicians in Hartford County, CT see an average of 1,039 patients per year. This represents a 0.776% increase from the previous year (1,031 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Hartford County, CT in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25.4% under 18 years, 27.4% between 18 and 34 years, 36% between 35 and 64 years, and 11.2% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.9% were men and 54.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

9.53%
Uninsured
32.1%
Employer Coverage
39.4%
Medicaid
7.22%
Medicare
11.3%
Non-Group
0.533%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Hartford, CT grew by 1.93% from 9.35% to 9.53%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Hartford, CT changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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