Jefferson County, IA

County

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2020 Population
18,153
0.0276% 1-year growth
US Senator
Chuck Grassley
Republican Party
US Senator
Joni Ernst
Republican Party
2020 Median Age
42.9
0% 1-year change
2020 Poverty Rate
13.2%
9.36% 1-year increase
2020 Median Household Income
$47,401
0.643% 1-year decline
2020 Median Property Value
$120,600
1.94% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
8,368
7.56% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Jefferson County, IA had a population of 18.2k people with a median age of 42.9 and a median household income of $47,401. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Jefferson County, IA grew from 18,148 to 18,153, a 0.0276% increase and its median household income declined from $47,708 to $47,401, a −0.643% decrease.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, IA are White (Non-Hispanic) (81%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (11.2%), White (Hispanic) (2.78%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (2.31%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.97%).

None of the households in Jefferson County, IA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

89.6% of the residents in Jefferson County, IA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Jefferson County, IA are Maharishi International University (494 degrees awarded in 2020).

In 2020, the median property value in Jefferson County, IA was $120,600, and the homeownership rate was 69.6%.

Most people in Jefferson County, IA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 17.2 minutes. The average car ownership in Jefferson County, IA was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Jefferson County, IA is home to a population of 18.2k people, from which 89.6% are citizens. As of 2020, 13.1% of Jefferson County, IA residents were born outside of the country (2.37k people).

In 2020, there were 7.22 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.7k people) in Jefferson County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.04k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 504 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

89.6%
2020 Citizenship
92.6%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 89.6% of Jefferson County, IA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Jefferson County, IA was 92.6%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Jefferson County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Jefferson County, IA
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    14.7k ± 26
  2. Asian (Non-Hispanic)
    2.04k ± 316
  3. White (Hispanic)
    504 ± 52
3.16%
Hispanic Population
573 people

In 2020, there were 7.22 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (14.7k people) in Jefferson County, IA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 2.04k Asian (Non-Hispanic) and 504 White (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.16% of the people in Jefferson County, IA are hispanic (573 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Jefferson County, IA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Iowa.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    41,266 ± 4,955 people
  2. India
    10,872 ± 2,556 people
  3. China
    9,649 ± 2,408 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Iowa was Mexico, the natal country of 41,266 Iowa residents, followed by India with 10,872 and China with 9,649.

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Foreign-Born Population

13.1%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
2.37k people
9.29%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
1.69k people

As of 2020, 13.1% of Jefferson County, IA residents (2.37k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Jefferson County, IA was 9.29%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Jefferson County, IA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    357 ± 107
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    215 ± 116
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    137 ± 68

Jefferson County, IA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.66 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Jefferson County, IA employs 8.37k people. The largest industries in Jefferson County, IA are Educational Services (1,194 people), Manufacturing (1,073 people), and Retail Trade (929 people), and the highest paying industries are Information ($63,782), Public Administration ($58,798), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($51,603).

Males in Iowa have an average income that is 1.33 times higher than the average income of females, which is $48,102. The income inequality in Iowa (measured using the Gini index) is 0.438, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

8.37k
2020 Value
± 732
−7.56%
1 Year decline
± 13.5%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Jefferson County, IA declined at a rate of −7.56%, from 9.05k employees to 8.37k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Jefferson County, IA, are Management Occupations (878 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (868 people), and Production Occupations (822 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Jefferson County, IA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Iowa (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

8.37k
2020 Value
± 732
−7.56%
1 Year decline
± 13.5%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Jefferson County, IA declined at a rate of −7.56%, from 9.05k employees to 8.37k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Jefferson County, IA, are Educational Services (1,194 people), Manufacturing (1,073 people), and Retail Trade (929 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Jefferson County, IA, though some of these residents may live in Jefferson County, IA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$34,170
Median earning men ± $4,089
$24,538
Median earning women ± $2,860

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Information ($250,001), Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($80,298), and Public Administration ($77,530).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Information ($63,397), Wholesale Trade ($53,750), and Public Administration ($47,955).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in Iowa. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Iowa.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 213
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 202
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services
  3. 161
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Payroll by Industry Sector

The industries with the highest total annual payroll
  1. $138k
    Manufacturing
  2. $123k
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. $118k
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance

The chart shows the total annual payroll and the average annual payroll by industry.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $20.9B
  2. $19.9B
  3. $18.8B

In 2020, the top outbound Iowa product (by dollars) was Machinery with $20.9B, followed by Mixed freight ($19.9B) and Meat/seafood ($18.8B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Iowa products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Iowa.
$262B
2020 Value in Iowa
$518B
Projected 2050 Value in Iowa
97.9% growth

In 2020, total outbound Iowa trade was $262B. This is expected to increase 97.9% to $518B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Iowa trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Iowa to other states, or from other states to Iowa.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $23.7B
  2. $16.5B
  3. $11.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Iowa domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Illinois with $23.7B, followed by Minnesota with $16.5B and Texas and $11.4B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Iowa shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Jefferson County, IA went to Donald J. Trump with 50% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (48.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.06%).

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing the state of Iowa. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Iowa

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Chuck Grassley
Senator from Iowa3
Assumed office on January 3, 1981
Joni Ernst
Senator from Iowa2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Chuck Grassley and Joni Ernst are the senators currently representing Iowa.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Iowa over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Iowa

Iowa is currently represented by 4 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Iowa have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Jefferson County, IA awarded 494 degrees. The student population of Jefferson County, IA in 2020 is skewed towards men, with 1,086 male students and 929 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Jefferson County, IA are White (60 and 34.1%), followed by Unknown (46 and 26.1%), Black or African American (40 and 22.7%), and Asian (11 and 6.25%).

The largest universities in Jefferson County, IA by number of degrees awarded are Maharishi International University (494 and 100%).

The most popular majors in Jefferson County, IA are Computer Science (323 and 65.4%), General Business Administration & Management (55 and 11.1%), and Other Philosophy & Religious Studies (25 and 5.06%).

The median tuition cost in Jefferson County, IA for private four year colleges is $16,000.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2020 in Jefferson County, IA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 100%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 78%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 2,015 (53.9% men and 46.1% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2020 there were 2,015 students enrolled in Jefferson County, IA, 53.9% men and 46.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Non-resident Alien with 858 records, of which 17.5% were women and 82.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 316 degree-majors awarded
  2. 25 degree-majors awarded
  3. 21 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Masters Degree recipients in Jefferson County, IA was Computer Science with 316 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Masters Degree from schools in Jefferson County, IA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
494 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Maharishi International University with 494 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2020, 341 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Jefferson County, IA, which is 2.23 times more than the 153 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 60 degrees mean that there were 1.3 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Unknown, with 46 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($16,000) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($530) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Measure

In 2020, 0.541% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.593% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2020 were High School or Equivalent (734k), Some college (566k), and Bachelors Degree (451k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Jefferson County, IA was $120,600 in 2020, which is 0.525 times smaller than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $118,300 to $120,600, a 1.94% increase. The homeownership rate in Jefferson County, IA is 69.6%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Jefferson County, IA have an average commute time of 17.2 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Jefferson County, IA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Jefferson County, IA is $47,401. In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Jefferson County, IA was Census Tract 901 with a value of $57,813, followed by Census Tract 902 and Census Tract 904, with respective values of $53,583 and $49,651.

In 2021, 11.7% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, IA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 2.38%.

Property

$120,600
Median Property Value 2020
±$10,186
$4,771
Median Property Taxes
±$453

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Jefferson County, IA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Jefferson County, IA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

69.6%
Homeownership
2020
63.4%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 69.6% of the housing units in Jefferson County, IA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 66.3%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Jefferson County, IA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 901
  2. Census Tract 902
  3. Census Tract 904

In 2020, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Jefferson County, IA was Census Tract 901 with a value of $57,813, followed by Census Tract 902 and Census Tract 904, with respective values of $53,583 and $49,651.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Jefferson County, IA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$47,401
Median Household Income
± $5,786
6.86k
Number of Households
± 572

In 2020, the median household income of the 6.86k households in Jefferson County, IA declined from $47,401 from the previous year's value of $47,708.

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, IA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Jefferson County, IA is from Iowa.
0.438
2020 Wage GINI in Iowa
0.442
2019 Wage GINI in Iowa

In 2020, the income inequality in Iowa was 0.438 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.914% decline from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Iowa was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Iowa in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Iowa across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (71.5%)
  2. Worked At Home (12.3%)
  3. Carpooled (9.9%)

In 2020, 71.5% of workers in Jefferson County, IA drove alone to work, followed by those who worked at home (12.3%) and those who carpooled to work (9.9%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

17.2 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Jefferson County, IA have a shorter commute time (17.2 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 1.98% of the workforce in Jefferson County, IA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Jefferson County, IA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Jefferson County, IA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Jefferson County, IA have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2021, 11.7% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Jefferson County, IA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 2.38%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

13.2% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Jefferson County, IA (2.3k out of 17.4k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 25 - 34, followed by Females 25 - 34 and then Females 65 - 74.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Jefferson County, IA is White, followed by Asian and Black.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2021, 17.6% of the children was living in poverty in Jefferson County, IA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 4.8%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2021, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 84 in Jefferson County, IA. From 2014 to 2021, the indicator declined 44.2 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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pulseHealth

94.4% of the population of Jefferson County, IA has health coverage, with 37.5% on employee plans, 19.5% on Medicaid, 15.9% on Medicare, 19.2% on non-group plans, and 2.38% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in Iowa was $8,200 in 2014. This is a 5.05% increase from the previous year ($7,806).

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, IA see 1414 patients per year on average, which represents a 7.45% increase from the previous year (1316 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1663 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 732 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48% were men and 52% were women.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for Iowa. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in Iowa, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,414 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Jefferson County, IA

Primary care physicians in Jefferson County, IA see an average of 1,414 patients per year. This represents a 7.45% increase from the previous year (1,316 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Jefferson County, IA in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Iowa.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of Iowa across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 20.3% under 18 years, 21.3% between 18 and 34 years, 36.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 21.8% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 48% were men and 52% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

5.63%
Uninsured
37.5%
Employer Coverage
19.5%
Medicaid
15.9%
Medicare
19.2%
Non-Group
2.38%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Jefferson County, IA grew by 23.6% from 4.56% to 5.63%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Jefferson County, IA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2021, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was N/A in Jefferson County, IA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, IA.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 30.3% in Jefferson County, IA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, IA.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2021, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 7.76% in Jefferson County, IA.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Jefferson County, IA.

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