Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2021 Population
114,140
1.44% 1-year decline
US Senator
Mitch McConnell
Republican Party
US Senator
Rand Paul
Republican Party
2021 Median Age
31.3
1.29% 1-year increase
2021 Poverty Rate
23.6%
4.99% 1-year decrease
2021 Median Household Income
$46,670
4.68% 1-year growth
2021 Median Property Value
$217,400
8.54% 1-year growth
2021 Employed Population
56,774
0.33% 1-year decline

About

In 2021, Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY had a population of 114k people with a median age of 31.3 and a median household income of $46,670. Between 2020 and 2021 the population of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY declined from 115,809 to 114,140, a −1.44% decrease and its median household income grew from $44,584 to $46,670, a 4.68% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are White (Non-Hispanic) (70.9%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (13.3%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (3.62%), Other (Hispanic) (3.32%), and White (Hispanic) (3.12%).

13.5% of the households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

92.1% of the residents in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are University of Kentucky (8,208 degrees awarded in 2021), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (6,249 degrees), and Transylvania University (240 degrees).

In 2021, the median property value in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was $217,400, and the homeownership rate was 44.2%.

Most people in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 18.5 minutes. The average car ownership in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was 2 cars per household.

Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY borders Lexington-Fayette County (Outer) PUMA, KY.

About the photo: Lexington, KY

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is home to a population of 114k people, from which 92.1% are citizens. As of 2021, 10.5% of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY residents were born outside of the country (12k people).

In 2021, there were 5.32 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (80.9k people) in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.13k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are Spanish (8,061 households), Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa (861 households), and Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese) (825 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
58,455
Women
51.2%
55,764
Men
48.8%

The resident population of United States in 2021 was 114,219 inhabitants, with 48.8% men, and 51.2% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

With the upper buttons you can add a filter by race.

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Citizenship

92.1%
2021 Citizenship
91.7%
2020 Citizenship

As of 2021, 92.1% of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2020, the percentage of US citizens in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was 91.7%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    80.9k ± 1.81k
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    15.2k ± 1.01k
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    4.13k ± 612
8.91%
Hispanic Population
10.2k people

In 2021, there were 5.32 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (80.9k people) in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY than any other race or ethnicity. There were 15.2k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 4.13k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

8.91% of the people in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are hispanic (10.2k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    3,716 ± 1,472 people
  2. India
    1,067 ± 798 people
  3. China
    892 ± 730 people

In 2021, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was Mexico, the natal country of 3,716 Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY residents, followed by India with 1,067 and China with 892.

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Foreign-Born Population

10.5%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
12k people
10.5%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
12.2k people

As of 2021, 10.5% of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY residents (12k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2020, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was 10.5%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    8,061 households (7.42%)
  2. Swahili or Other Languages of Central, Eastern, & Southern Africa
    861 households (0.793%)
  3. Chinese (Incl. Mandarin, Cantonese)
    825 households (0.76%)

13.5% of the households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is lower than the national average of 21.7%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2021, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was Spanish. 7.42% of the households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,558 ± 260
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    719 ± 197
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    571 ± 171

Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.17 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY employs 56.8k people. The largest industries in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (6,590 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,832 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,094 people), and the highest paying industries are Offices of physicians ($176,067), Professional & commercial equipment & supplies merchant wholesalers ($163,473), and Agencies, brokerages, and other insurance related activities ($155,506).

Males in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have an average income that is 1.22 times higher than the average income of females, which is $52,599. The income inequality in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY (measured using the Gini index) is 0.524, which is higher than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
28,672
Women
50.3%
28,290
Men
49.7%

The workforce of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY in 2020 was 56,962 people, with 50.3% woman, and 49.7% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY.

With the upper buttons you can see the distribution of the average salary and add a filter by race.

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Occupations

56.8k
2021 Value
−0.33%
1 Year decline
± −0.33%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY declined at a rate of −0.33%, from 57k employees to 56.8k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, are Postsecondary teachers (2,299 people), Waiters & waitresses (1,369 people), and Cashiers (1,316 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Kentucky (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

56.8k
2021 Value
−0.33%
1 Year decline
± −0.33%

From 2020 to 2021, employment in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY declined at a rate of −0.33%, from 57k employees to 56.8k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, are Colleges, universities & professional schools, including junior colleges (6,590 people), Restaurants & Food Services (4,832 people), and General medical and surgical hospitals, and specialty (except psychiatric and substance abuse) hospitals (3,094 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, though some of these residents may live in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$35,005
Median earning men ± $2,026
$26,455
Median earning women ± $1,271

The industries with the best median earnings for men in N/A are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($552,409), Public Administration ($422,327), and Professional, Scientific, & Management, & Administrative & Waste Management Services ($353,541).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in N/A are Wholesale Trade ($371,504), Public Administration ($347,620), and Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($317,992).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.
Y-Axis
2.75%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 155M people employed in Kentucky. This represents a 2.75% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Kentucky.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $57.5B
  2. $36.5B
  3. $28.4B

In 2020, the top outbound Kentucky product (by dollars) was Motorized vehicles with $57.5B, followed by Electronics ($36.5B) and Machinery ($28.4B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound Kentucky products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for Kentucky.
$330B
2020 Value in Kentucky
$644B
Projected 2050 Value in Kentucky
95% growth

In 2020, total outbound Kentucky trade was $330B. This is expected to increase 95% to $644B by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound Kentucky trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from Kentucky to other states, or from other states to Kentucky.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $27.7B
  2. $19B
  3. $17.7B

In 2020, the top outbound Kentucky domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Tennessee with $27.7B, followed by California with $19B and Ohio and $17.7B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that Kentucky shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Kentucky went to Donald J. Trump with 62.1% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.2%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.23%).

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing the state of Kentucky. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Kentucky

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
Mitch McConnell
Senator from Kentucky2
Assumed office on January 3, 1985
Rand Paul
Senator from Kentucky3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011

Mitch McConnell and Rand Paul are the senators currently representing Kentucky.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Kentucky over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Kentucky

Kentucky is currently represented by 6 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Kentucky have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2021, universities in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY awarded 14,817 degrees. The student population of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY in 2021 is skewed towards women, with 16,987 male students and 24,322 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are White (11,353 and 78.9%), followed by Black or African American (1,036 and 7.2%), Hispanic or Latino (636 and 4.42%), and Two or More Races (534 and 3.71%).

The largest universities in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY by number of degrees awarded are University of Kentucky (8,208 and 55.4%), Bluegrass Community and Technical College (6,249 and 42.2%), and Transylvania University (240 and 1.62%).

The most popular majors in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,046 and 7.06%), Industrial Mechanics & Maintenance Technology (708 and 4.78%), and General Computer & Information Sciences (701 and 4.73%).

The median tuition costs in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY are $40,800 for private four year colleges, and $11,247 and $30,245 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2021 in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, the percentage of applicants admitted was 93.9%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 22.9%. The number of students enrolled in 2021 was 41,309 (41.1% men and 58.9% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2021 there were 41,309 students enrolled in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, 41.1% men and 58.9% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 30,030 records, of which 59.5% were women and 40.5% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 348 degrees awarded
  2. 343 degrees awarded
  3. 293 degrees awarded

In 2021, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was General Business with 348 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Bluegrass Area Development District (Central)--Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 8,208 degrees awarded
  2. 6,249 degrees awarded
  3. 240 degrees awarded

In 2021, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Kentucky with 8,208 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2021, 7,099 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY, which is 0.92 times less than the 7,718 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2021 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 11,353 degrees mean that there were 11 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,036 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($40,800) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2021.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,720) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2021.

Public, 2-year ($1,026) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2021, 0.588% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.862% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY in 2021 were Some college (27.6k), Bachelors Degree (21.3k), and High School or Equivalent (19.1k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was $217,400 in 2021, which is 0.888 times smaller than the national average of $244,900. Between 2020 and 2021 the median property value increased from $200,300 to $217,400, a 8.54% increase. The homeownership rate in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is 44.2%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.6%.

People in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have an average commute time of 18.5 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is $46,670. In 2021, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was Louisville/Jefferson County (Northeast) PUMA, KY with a value of $92,612, followed by Boone County PUMA, KY and KIPDA Area Development District (Northeast) PUMA, KY, with respective values of $87,034 and $80,519.

Property

$217,400
Median Property Value 2021
±$8,183
$21,888
Median Property Taxes
±$1,003

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY the largest share of households pay taxes in the $800 - $1,499 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

44.2%
Homeownership
2021
63.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2021

In 2021, 44.2% of the housing units in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 44.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2021, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was Louisville/Jefferson County (Northeast) PUMA, KY with a value of $92,612, followed by Boone County PUMA, KY and KIPDA Area Development District (Northeast) PUMA, KY, with respective values of $87,034 and $80,519.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$46,670
Median Household Income
± $2,415
49.5k
Number of Households
± 1,686

In 2021, the median household income of the 49.5k households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY grew to $46,670 from the previous year's value of $44,584.

The following chart displays the households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.524
2021 Wage GINI in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY
0.529
2020 Wage GINI in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY

In 2021, the income inequality in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was 0.524 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.948% decline from 2020 to 2021, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY was higher than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed less evenly in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2021
  1. Drove Alone (70.1%)
  2. Carpooled (8.85%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.72%)

In 2021, 70.1% of workers in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (8.85%) and those who worked at home (7.72%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

18.5 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have a shorter commute time (18.5 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.8 minutes). Additionally, 1.14% of the workforce in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

23.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY (25k out of 106k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.6%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 18 - 24, followed by Males 18 - 24 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY is White, followed by Black and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

91.6% of the population of Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY has health coverage, with 49.6% on employee plans, 18.8% on Medicaid, 10.5% on Medicare, 11.5% on non-group plans, and 1.08% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see 1536 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.454% decrease from the previous year (1543 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1519 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 388 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Kentucky.
1,536 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Kentucky

Primary care physicians in Kentucky see an average of 1,536 patients per year. This represents a 0.454% decrease from the previous year (1,543 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Kentucky in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2021, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 19.7% under 18 years, 35.6% between 18 and 34 years, 31.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 13.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 47.9% were men and 52.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

8.42%
Uninsured
49.6%
Employer Coverage
18.8%
Medicaid
10.5%
Medicare
11.5%
Non-Group
1.08%
Military or VA

Between 2020 and 2021, the percent of uninsured citizens in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY declined by 5.51% from 8.91% to 8.42%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Lexington-Fayette County (Central) PUMA, KY changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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