Memphis, TN-MS-AR

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

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2022 Population
1.34M
0.0384% 1-year growth
2022 Median Age
36.7
0.548% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
16.5%
2.37% 1-year decrease
2022 Median Household Income
$62,178
9.23% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$207,500
20.2% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
620,348
0.752% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Memphis, TN-MS-AR had a population of 1.34M people with a median age of 36.7 and a median household income of $62,178. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Memphis, TN-MS-AR grew from 1.34M to 1.34M, a 0.0384% increase and its median household income grew from $56,926 to $62,178, a 9.23% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Memphis, TN-MS-AR are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (47.3%), White (Non-Hispanic) (41.9%), Other (Hispanic) (2.4%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2.25%), and Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.21%).

None of the households in Memphis, TN-MS-AR reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

96.7% of the residents in Memphis, TN-MS-AR are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Memphis, TN-MS-AR are University of Memphis (4,862 degrees awarded in 2022), Northwest Mississippi Community College (1,704 degrees), and Delta Technical College-Mississippi (447023) (1,548 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Memphis, TN-MS-AR was $207,500, and the homeownership rate was 60.7%.

Most people in Memphis, TN-MS-AR drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 24.3 minutes. The average car ownership in Memphis, TN-MS-AR was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: The Memphis Arches, the Hernando DeSoto Bridge over the Mississippi River at sunset, looking west toward Arkansas.

Population & Diversity

Memphis, TN-MS-AR is home to a population of 1.34M people, from which 96.7% are citizens. As of 2022, 5.56% of Memphis, TN-MS-AR residents were born outside of the country (74.2k people).

In 2022, there were 1.13 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (632k people) in Memphis, TN-MS-AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 560k White (Non-Hispanic) and 32.1k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

96.7%
2022 Citizenship
96.8%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 96.7% of Memphis, TN-MS-AR residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Memphis, TN-MS-AR was 96.8%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Memphis, TN-MS-AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Memphis, TN-MS-AR
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    632k ± 2.04k
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    560k ± 918
  3. Other (Hispanic)
    32.1k ± 2.5k
5.96%
Hispanic Population
79.6k people

In 2022, there were 1.13 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (632k people) in Memphis, TN-MS-AR than any other race or ethnicity. There were 560k White (Non-Hispanic) and 32.1k Other (Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

5.96% of the people in Memphis, TN-MS-AR are hispanic (79.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Memphis, TN-MS-AR as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    162,847 ± 16,274 people
  2. India
    38,827 ± 7,976 people
  3. Guatemala
    31,103 ± 6,916 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas was Mexico, the natal country of 162,847 Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas residents, followed by India with 38,827 and Guatemala with 31,103.

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Foreign-Born Population

5.56%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
74.2k people
5.45%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
72.8k people

As of 2022, 5.56% of Memphis, TN-MS-AR residents (74.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Memphis, TN-MS-AR was 5.45%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Memphis, TN-MS-AR compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    21,600 ± 1,022
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    15,649 ± 1,416
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    12,723 ± 1,040

Memphis, TN-MS-AR has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.38 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Memphis, TN-MS-AR employs 620k people. The largest industries in Memphis, TN-MS-AR are Health Care & Social Assistance (85,834 people), Transportation & Warehousing (80,001 people), and Retail Trade (66,701 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($72,171), Utilities ($70,281), and Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($63,166).

Males in Mississippi have an average income that is 1.39 times higher than the average income of females, which is $46,477. The income inequality in Mississippi (measured using the Gini index) is 0.452, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

620k
2022 Value
± 7,112
0.752%
1 Year growth
± 1.59%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Memphis, TN-MS-AR grew at a rate of 0.752%, from 616k employees to 620k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Memphis, TN-MS-AR, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (75,763 people), Management Occupations (62,561 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (56,633 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Memphis, TN-MS-AR.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

620k
2022 Value
± 7,112
0.752%
1 Year growth
± 1.59%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Memphis, TN-MS-AR grew at a rate of 0.752%, from 616k employees to 620k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Memphis, TN-MS-AR, are Health Care & Social Assistance (85,834 people), Transportation & Warehousing (80,001 people), and Retail Trade (66,701 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Memphis, TN-MS-AR, though some of these residents may live in Memphis, TN-MS-AR and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$46,918
Median earning men ± $429
$37,275
Median earning women ± $508

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($74,140), Public Administration ($67,200), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($55,541).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($48,902), Public Administration ($48,687), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($44,597).

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 10,701
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 7,244
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 5,679
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Arkansas, Mississippi, and Tennessee went to Donald J. Trump with 60.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (37.7%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (0.914%).

Roger Wicker, Cindy Hyde-Smith, Marsha Blackburn, Bill Hagerty, John Boozman, and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing the state of Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas.
Roger Wicker
Senator from Mississippi1
Assumed office on December 31, 2007
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Trent Lott.
Cindy Hyde-Smith
Senator from Mississippi2
Assumed office on April 9, 2018
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Thad Cochran.
Marsha Blackburn
Senator from Tennessee1
Assumed office on January 3, 2019
Bill Hagerty
Senator from Tennessee2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
John Boozman
Senator from Arkansas3
Assumed office on January 3, 2011
Tom Cotton
Senator from Arkansas2
Assumed office on January 3, 2015

Roger Wicker, Cindy Hyde-Smith, Marsha Blackburn, Bill Hagerty, John Boozman, and Tom Cotton are the senators currently representing Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas

Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas is currently represented by 17 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Memphis, TN-MS-AR awarded 15,762 degrees. The student population of Memphis, TN-MS-AR in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 21,275 male students and 35,487 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Memphis, TN-MS-AR are Black or African American (6,671 and 43.7%), followed by White (6,306 and 41.3%), Hispanic or Latino (803 and 5.26%), and Unknown (585 and 3.83%).

The largest universities in Memphis, TN-MS-AR by number of degrees awarded are University of Memphis (4,862 and 30.8%), Northwest Mississippi Community College (1,704 and 10.8%), and Delta Technical College-Mississippi (447023) (1,548 and 9.82%).

The most popular majors in Memphis, TN-MS-AR are Registered Nursing (827 and 5.25%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (798 and 5.06%), and Medical Assistant (751 and 4.76%).

The median tuition costs in Memphis, TN-MS-AR are $15,766 for private four year colleges, and $9,024 and $16,501 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Memphis, TN-MS-AR, the percentage of applicants admitted was 83.4%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 18.1%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 56,762 (37.5% men and 62.5% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 56,762 students enrolled in Memphis, TN-MS-AR, 37.5% men and 62.5% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 23,576 records, of which 69.4% were women and 30.6% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 280 degrees awarded
  2. 542 degrees awarded
  3. 375 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Memphis, TN-MS-AR was General Business Administration & Management with 280 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Memphis, TN-MS-AR according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 4,862 degrees awarded
  2. 1,704 degrees awarded
  3. 1,548 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of Memphis with 4,862 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 5,662 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Memphis, TN-MS-AR, which is 0.561 times less than the 10,100 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Black or African American students. These 6,671 degrees mean that there were 1.06 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 6,306 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($15,766) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,581) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 4-year or above ($1,600) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas.
Measure

In 2022, 0.891% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.794% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (3.23M), Some college (2.27M), and Bachelors Degree (1.59M).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Memphis, TN-MS-AR was $207,500 in 2022, which is 0.736 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $172,700 to $207,500, a 20.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Memphis, TN-MS-AR is 60.7%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Memphis, TN-MS-AR have an average commute time of 24.3 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Memphis, TN-MS-AR is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Memphis, TN-MS-AR is $62,178. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Memphis, TN-MS-AR was Williamson County, TN with a value of $125,943, followed by Wilson County, TN and Benton County, AR, with respective values of $89,462 and $85,269.

Property

$207,500
Median Property Value 2022
±$2,598
$309,777
Median Property Taxes
±$4,517

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Memphis, TN-MS-AR the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Memphis, TN-MS-AR compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

60.7%
Homeownership
2022
65.8%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 60.7% of the housing units in Memphis, TN-MS-AR were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 60.7%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Memphis, TN-MS-AR compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Memphis, TN-MS-AR was Williamson County, TN with a value of $125,943, followed by Wilson County, TN and Benton County, AR, with respective values of $89,462 and $85,269.

The following map shows all of the counties in Memphis, TN-MS-AR colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$62,178
Median Household Income
± $921
510k
Number of Households
± 6,283

In 2022, the median household income of the 510k households in Memphis, TN-MS-AR grew to $62,178 from the previous year's value of $56,926.

The following chart displays the households in Memphis, TN-MS-AR distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Memphis, TN-MS-AR is from Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas.
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Mississippi
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Mississippi
0.462
2022 Wage GINI in Tennessee
0.463
2021 Wage GINI in Tennessee
0.452
2022 Wage GINI in Arkansas
0.45
2021 Wage GINI in Arkansas

In 2022, the income inequality in Mississippi was 0.452 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.553% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Mississippi was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Mississippi in comparison to the national average.

In the same year, the income inequality in Tennessee was 0.462 and income inequality had a 0.289% decline from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat more even. The GINI for Tennessee was lower than than the national average of 0.478, meaning wages are distributed more evenly in Tennessee in comparison to the national average.

The income inequality in Arkansas was 0.452 and income inequality had a 0.376% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Arkansas was lower than than the national average of 0.478, meaning wages are distributed more evenly in Arkansas in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (81.1%)
  2. Carpooled (9.15%)
  3. Worked At Home (7.06%)

In 2022, 81.1% of workers in Memphis, TN-MS-AR drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (9.15%) and those who worked at home (7.06%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

24.3 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Memphis, TN-MS-AR have a shorter commute time (24.3 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 1.27% of the workforce in Memphis, TN-MS-AR have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Memphis, TN-MS-AR compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Memphis, TN-MS-AR distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Memphis, TN-MS-AR have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

16.5% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Memphis, TN-MS-AR (216k out of 1.31M people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Males 6 - 11 and then Females 35 - 44.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Memphis, TN-MS-AR is Black, followed by White and Hispanic.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Health

88.8% of the population of Memphis, TN-MS-AR has health coverage, with 47.2% on employee plans, 18.1% on Medicaid, 10.3% on Medicare, 11.7% on non-group plans, and 1.54% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see 1860 patients per year on average, which represents a 1.59% decrease from the previous year (1890 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2031 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 543 patients per year.

Similarly, primary care physicians in Tennessee see 1401 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.358% increase from the previous year (1396 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1794 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 594 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas.
1,860 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Mississippi
1,401 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Tennessee
1,471 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Arkansas

Primary care physicians in Mississippi see an average of 1,860 patients per year. This represents a 1.59% decrease from the previous year (1,890 patients).

Primary care physicians in Tennessee see an average of 1,401 patients per year. This represents a 0.358% increase from the previous year (1,396 patients).

Primary care physicians in Arkansas see an average of 1,471 patients per year. This represents a 2.39% decrease from the previous year (1,507 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mississippi, Tennessee, and Arkansas in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 26.3% under 18 years, 21.7% between 18 and 34 years, 37.6% between 35 and 64 years, and 14.4% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.7% were men and 53.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.2%
Uninsured
47.2%
Employer Coverage
18.1%
Medicaid
10.3%
Medicare
11.7%
Non-Group
1.54%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Memphis, TN-MS-AR grew by 0.258% from 11.1% to 11.2%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Memphis, TN-MS-AR changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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