Mobile County, AL

County

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2022 Population
413,878
0.179% 1-year decline
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
38.2
0.261% 1-year decrease
2022 Poverty Rate
17.6%
0.00133% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$55,352
8.17% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$164,600
14.2% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
176,289
0.0698% 1-year growth

About

In 2022, Mobile County, AL had a population of 414k people with a median age of 38.2 and a median household income of $55,352. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Mobile County, AL declined from 414,620 to 413,878, a −0.179% decrease and its median household income grew from $51,169 to $55,352, a 8.17% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Mobile County, AL are White (Non-Hispanic) (55.8%), Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (36%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (2.41%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (2%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (0.955%).

None of the households in Mobile County, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

98.5% of the residents in Mobile County, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Mobile County, AL are University of South Alabama (3,705 degrees awarded in 2022), Bishop State Community College (651 degrees), and University of Mobile (344 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Mobile County, AL was $164,600, and the homeownership rate was 63.5%.

Most people in Mobile County, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26 minutes. The average car ownership in Mobile County, AL was 2 cars per household.

About the photo: RSA Battlehouse Building, Mobile, AL

Population & Diversity

Mobile County, AL is home to a population of 414k people, from which 98.5% are citizens. As of 2022, 3.13% of Mobile County, AL residents were born outside of the country (13k people).

In 2022, there were 1.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (231k people) in Mobile County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 149k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.99k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

98.5%
2022 Citizenship
98.5%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 98.5% of Mobile County, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Mobile County, AL was 98.5%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Mobile County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Mobile County, AL
  1. White (Non-Hispanic)
    231k ± 408
  2. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    149k ± 862
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    9.99k ± 936
3.04%
Hispanic Population
12.6k people

In 2022, there were 1.55 times more White (Non-Hispanic) residents (231k people) in Mobile County, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 149k Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) and 9.99k Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

3.04% of the people in Mobile County, AL are hispanic (12.6k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Mobile County, AL as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the County level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    45,935 ± 5,238 people
  2. Guatemala
    15,043 ± 3,007 people
  3. India
    10,012 ± 2,454 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 45,935 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 15,043 and India with 10,012.

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Foreign-Born Population

3.13%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
13k people
3.16%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
13.1k people

As of 2022, 3.13% of Mobile County, AL residents (13k people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Mobile County, AL was 3.16%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Mobile County, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    8,963 ± 659
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    5,530 ± 755
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    4,277 ± 500

Mobile County, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.62 times greater than any other conflict.

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Economy

The economy of Mobile County, AL employs 176k people. The largest industries in Mobile County, AL are Health Care & Social Assistance (24,595 people), Manufacturing (21,992 people), and Retail Trade (19,744 people), and the highest paying industries are Management of Companies & Enterprises ($216,250), Mining, Quarrying, & Oil & Gas Extraction ($85,114), and Utilities ($73,043).

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,264. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

176k
2022 Value
± 3,782
0.0698%
1 Year growth
± 3.02%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Mobile County, AL grew at a rate of 0.0698%, from 176k employees to 176k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Mobile County, AL, are Office & Administrative Support Occupations (18,979 people), Sales & Related Occupations (17,722 people), and Management Occupations (16,409 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Mobile County, AL.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

176k
2022 Value
± 3,782
0.0698%
1 Year growth
± 3.02%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Mobile County, AL grew at a rate of 0.0698%, from 176k employees to 176k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Mobile County, AL, are Health Care & Social Assistance (24,595 people), Manufacturing (21,992 people), and Retail Trade (19,744 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Mobile County, AL, though some of these residents may live in Mobile County, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$49,233
Median earning men ± $1,800
$31,535
Median earning women ± $791

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Manufacturing ($65,258), Information ($64,468), and Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($63,580).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Wholesale Trade ($52,696), Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($45,484), and Public Administration ($44,339).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

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Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 2,794
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 2,697
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing
  3. 1,884
    Professional, Scientific & Management, and Administrative & Waste Management Services

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

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Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Mobile County, AL went to Donald J. Trump with 55.3% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (43.4%), followed by Other (1.34%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

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Education

In 2022, universities in Mobile County, AL awarded 5,419 degrees. The student population of Mobile County, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 6,581 male students and 13,250 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Mobile County, AL are White (3,168 and 59.4%), followed by Black or African American (1,449 and 27.2%), Unknown (199 and 3.73%), and Hispanic or Latino (167 and 3.13%).

The largest universities in Mobile County, AL by number of degrees awarded are University of South Alabama (3,705 and 68.4%), Bishop State Community College (651 and 12%), and University of Mobile (344 and 6.35%).

The most popular majors in Mobile County, AL are Registered Nursing (1,365 and 25.2%), General Business Administration & Management (236 and 4.36%), and Truck, Bus, & Commercial Vehicle Operator & Instructor (214 and 3.95%).

The median tuition costs in Mobile County, AL are $22,796 for private four year colleges, and $8,616 and $17,232 respectively, for public four year colleges for in-state students and out-of-state students.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

University
Measure

In 2022 in Mobile County, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 68.2%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 19%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 19,831 (33.2% men and 66.8% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

Universities

In 2022 there were 19,831 students enrolled in Mobile County, AL, 33.2% men and 66.8% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in White with 10,911 records, of which 65.9% were women and 34.1% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 394 degrees awarded
  2. 163 degrees awarded
  3. 116 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Bachelors Degree recipients in Mobile County, AL was Registered Nursing with 394 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Bachelors Degree from schools in Mobile County, AL according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 3,705 degrees awarded
  2. 651 degrees awarded
  3. 344 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was University of South Alabama with 3,705 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

University

In 2022, 1,680 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Mobile County, AL, which is 0.449 times less than the 3,739 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was White students. These 3,168 degrees mean that there were 2.19 times more degrees awarded to White students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, Black or African American, with 1,449 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Universities

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($22,796) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($1,920) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,000) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Measure

In 2022, 0.905% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.822% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.23M), Some college (913k), and Secondary Education (625k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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Housing & Living

The median property value in Mobile County, AL was $164,600 in 2022, which is 0.584 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $144,100 to $164,600, a 14.2% increase. The homeownership rate in Mobile County, AL is 63.5%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Mobile County, AL have an average commute time of 26 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Mobile County, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Mobile County, AL is $55,352. In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income in Mobile County, AL was Census Tract 35.02 with a value of $139,137, followed by Census Tract 25.01 and Census Tract 20, with respective values of $115,925 and $112,125.

In 2022, 15.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Mobile County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.59%.

Property

$164,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$2,891
$101,334
Median Property Taxes
±$2,607

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Mobile County, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Mobile County, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

63.5%
Homeownership
2022
68.9%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 63.5% of the housing units in Mobile County, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage declined from the previous year's rate of 63.5%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Mobile County, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

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Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)
  1. Census Tract 35.02
  2. Census Tract 25.01
  3. Census Tract 20

In 2022, the tract with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Mobile County, AL was Census Tract 35.02 with a value of $139,137, followed by Census Tract 25.01 and Census Tract 20, with respective values of $115,925 and $112,125.

The following map shows all of the tracts in Mobile County, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$55,352
Median Household Income
± $1,348
160k
Number of Households
± 3,378

In 2022, the median household income of the 160k households in Mobile County, AL grew to $55,352 from the previous year's value of $51,169.

The following chart displays the households in Mobile County, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Mobile County, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2022 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.458
2021 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2022, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0777% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (84.4%)
  2. Carpooled (6.96%)
  3. Worked At Home (6.32%)

In 2022, 84.4% of workers in Mobile County, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (6.96%) and those who worked at home (6.32%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

26 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Mobile County, AL have a shorter commute time (26 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.1% of the workforce in Mobile County, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Mobile County, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Mobile County, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Mobile County, AL have 2 cars.

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Severe Housing Problems

In 2022, 15.5% of the population was living with severe housing problems in Mobile County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 1.59%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the population living with severe housing problems.

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Poverty & Diversity

17.6% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Mobile County, AL (71.4k out of 406k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 25 - 34, followed by Females 55 - 64 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Mobile County, AL is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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Children in Poverty

In 2022, 27.3% of the children was living in poverty in Mobile County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 3.6%.

The graph shows the trend of the percentage of the children living in poverty.

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Crimes & Accidents

Indicator

In 2022, the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population was 548 in Mobile County, AL. From 2014 to 2022, the indicator declined 106 per 100,000 population.

The graph shows the trend in the number of reported violent crimes offenses per 100,000 population.

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Health

88.7% of the population of Mobile County, AL has health coverage, with 43.1% on employee plans, 19.3% on Medicaid, 12.8% on Medicare, 11.6% on non-group plans, and 1.86% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Mobile County, AL see 1455 patients per year on average, which represents a 3.64% decrease from the previous year (1510 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1956 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 936 patients per year.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.7% were men and 53.3% were women.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

1,455 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Mobile County, AL

Primary care physicians in Mobile County, AL see an average of 1,455 patients per year. This represents a 3.64% decrease from the previous year (1,510 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Mobile County, AL in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 24.9% under 18 years, 21.5% between 18 and 34 years, 37.1% between 35 and 64 years, and 16.5% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 46.7% were men and 53.3% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

11.3%
Uninsured
43.1%
Employer Coverage
19.3%
Medicaid
12.8%
Medicare
11.6%
Non-Group
1.86%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Mobile County, AL declined by 1.55% from 11.4% to 11.3%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Mobile County, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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Health Outcomes

Indicator

In 2022, the number of deaths among residents under age 18 per 100,000 population was 68.6 in Mobile County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Mobile County, AL.

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Health Behaviors

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of the adult population (age 18 and older) that reports a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 30 kg/m2 (age-adjusted) was 36.4% in Mobile County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Mobile County, AL.

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Clinical Care

Indicator

In 2022, the percentage of population under age 65 without health insurance was 12.7% in Mobile County, AL.

The graphic shows the trend of the indicator in Mobile County, AL.

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