Salinas City PUMA, CA

Public Use Microdata Area (PUMA)

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2020 Population
170,457
0.687% 1-year growth
US Senator
Dianne Feinstein
Democratic Party
US Senator
Alex Padilla
Democratic Party
2020 Median Age
31.6
1.61% 1-year increase
2020 Poverty Rate
13.7%
15.9% 1-year decrease
2020 Median Household Income
$69,515
11.3% 1-year growth
2020 Median Property Value
$457,600
7.77% 1-year growth
2020 Employed Population
69,169
0.35% 1-year decline

About

In 2020, Salinas City PUMA, CA had a population of 170k people with a median age of 31.6 and a median household income of $69,515. Between 2019 and 2020 the population of Salinas City PUMA, CA grew from 169,294 to 170,457, a 0.687% increase and its median household income grew from $62,433 to $69,515, a 11.3% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Salinas City PUMA, CA are Other (Hispanic) (51.2%), White (Hispanic) (19.8%), White (Non-Hispanic) (13.6%), Asian (Non-Hispanic) (5.72%), and Two+ (Hispanic) (5.52%).

70.4% of the households in Salinas City PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

73.4% of the residents in Salinas City PUMA, CA are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Monterey County (Northeast)--Salinas City PUMA, CA are Hartnell College (2,482 degrees awarded in 2020), Central Coast College (180 degrees), and CET-Salinas (111799) (93 degrees).

In 2020, the median property value in Salinas City PUMA, CA was $457,600, and the homeownership rate was 50.1%.

Most people in Salinas City PUMA, CA drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 25 minutes. The average car ownership in Salinas City PUMA, CA was 2 cars per household.

geosearchPopulation & Diversity

Salinas City PUMA, CA is home to a population of 170k people, from which 73.4% are citizens. As of 2020, 35.9% of Salinas City PUMA, CA residents were born outside of the country (61.2k people).

In 2020, there were 2.58 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (87.3k people) in Salinas City PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.8k White (Hispanic) and 23.1k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

The most common non-English languages spoken as the primary langauge in households in Salinas City PUMA, CA are Spanish (102,860 households), Tagalog (Incl. Filipino) (2,819 households), and Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages (533 households).

Residents by Gender and Age

RACE/ETHNICITY
83,700
Women
49.1%
86,782
Men
50.9%

The resident population of United States in 2020 was 170,482 inhabitants, with 50.9% men, and 49.1% women.

The visualization shows the distribution of the residents by gender and age in the United States.

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Citizenship

73.4%
2020 Citizenship
72%
2019 Citizenship

As of 2020, 73.4% of Salinas City PUMA, CA residents were US citizens, which is lower than the national average of 93.4%. In 2019, the percentage of US citizens in Salinas City PUMA, CA was 72%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been increasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Salinas City PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Salinas City PUMA, CA
  1. Other (Hispanic)
    87.3k ± 3.29k
  2. White (Hispanic)
    33.8k ± 3.23k
  3. White (Non-Hispanic)
    23.1k ± 1.63k
77.9%
Hispanic Population
133k people

In 2020, there were 2.58 times more Other (Hispanic) residents (87.3k people) in Salinas City PUMA, CA than any other race or ethnicity. There were 33.8k White (Hispanic) and 23.1k White (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

77.9% of the people in Salinas City PUMA, CA are hispanic (133k people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Salinas City PUMA, CA as a share of the total population.

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Global Diversity

Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    50,371 ± 4,625 people
  2. Philippines
    3,855 ± 1,507 people
  3. El Salvador
    2,759 ± 1,279 people

In 2020, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Salinas City PUMA, CA was Mexico, the natal country of 50,371 Salinas City PUMA, CA residents, followed by Philippines with 3,855 and El Salvador with 2,759.

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Foreign-Born Population

35.9%
2020 Foreign-Born Population
61.2k people
36.6%
2019 Foreign-Born Population
62k people

As of 2020, 35.9% of Salinas City PUMA, CA residents (61.2k people) were born outside of the United States, which is higher than the national average of 13.5%. In 2019, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Salinas City PUMA, CA was 36.6%, meaning that the rate has been decreasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Salinas City PUMA, CA compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Non-English Households

Most Common Non-English Languages
  1. Spanish
    102,860 households (65.7%)
  2. Tagalog (Incl. Filipino)
    2,819 households (1.8%)
  3. Ilocano, Samoan, Hawaiian, or Other Austronesian Languages
    533 households (0.341%)

70.4% of the households in Salinas City PUMA, CA reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language, which is higher than the national average of 21.5%. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

In 2020, the most common non-English language spoken in households in Salinas City PUMA, CA was Spanish. 65.7% of the households in Salinas City PUMA, CA reported speaking Spanish at home as the primary shared language between all members living in the household.

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Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    1,400 ± 215
  2. Gulf War (2001-)
    586 ± 187
  3. Gulf War (1990s)
    557 ± 187

Salinas City PUMA, CA has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 2.39 times greater than any other conflict.

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briefcaseEconomy

The economy of Salinas City PUMA, CA employs 69.2k people. The largest industries in Salinas City PUMA, CA are Farming (12,708 people), Construction (4,511 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (4,191 people), and the highest paying industries are Lessors of real estate, and offices of real estate agents and brokers ($121,977), Electric & gas, and other combinations ($114,380), and Computer Systems Design ($112,448).

Males in Salinas City PUMA, CA have an average income that is 1.13 times higher than the average income of females, which is $45,818. The income inequality in Salinas City PUMA, CA (measured using the Gini index) is 0.441, which is lower than than the national average.

Workforce Diversity

Measure
RACE/ETHNICITY
30,324
Women
43.8%
38,845
Men
56.2%

The workforce of Salinas City PUMA, CA in 2020 was 69,169 people, with 43.8% woman, and 56.2% men.

The visualization shows the distribution of the workforce by gender and age in Salinas City PUMA, CA.

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Occupations

69.2k
2020 Value
−0.35%
1 Year decline
± −0.35%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Salinas City PUMA, CA declined at a rate of −0.35%, from 69.4k employees to 69.2k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Salinas City PUMA, CA, are Miscellaneous agricultural workers, including animal breeders (10,938 people), Cashiers (1,815 people), and Driver/sales workers & truck drivers (1,794 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Salinas City PUMA, CA.

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Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in California (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

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Employment by Industries

69.2k
2020 Value
−0.35%
1 Year decline
± −0.35%

From 2019 to 2020, employment in Salinas City PUMA, CA declined at a rate of −0.35%, from 69.4k employees to 69.2k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Salinas City PUMA, CA, are Farming (12,708 people), Construction (4,511 people), and Restaurants & Food Services (4,191 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Salinas City PUMA, CA, though some of these residents may live in Salinas City PUMA, CA and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

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Median Earnings by Industry

$32,912
Median earning men ± $2,037
$29,155
Median earning women ± $2,087

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2020 are Public Administration ($82,096), Information ($63,023), and Educational Services, & Health Care & Social Assistance ($47,762).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2020 are Finance & Insurance, & Real Estate & Rental & Leasing ($58,269), Public Administration ($49,448), and Information ($43,304).

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Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Y-Axis
8.45%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between May 2020 and May 2021

As of May 2021, there are 145M people employed in California. This represents a 8.45% increase in employment when compared to May 2020.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in California.

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Domestic Production & Consumption

Domestic production and consumption consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.
Top Domestic Production in Dollars
  1. $407B
  2. $158B
  3. $149B

In 2020, the top outbound California product (by dollars) was Electronics with $407B, followed by Pharmaceuticals ($158B) and Mixed freight ($149B).

The following chart shows the share of these products in relation to all outbound California products.

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Domestic Trade Growth

Showing data for California.
$2.26T
2020 Value in California
$4.61T
Projected 2050 Value in California
104% growth

In 2020, total outbound California trade was $2.26T. This is expected to increase 104% to $4.61T by 2050.

The following chart shows how the domestic outbound California trade is projected to change in comparison to its neighboring states.

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Interstate Trade

Interstate trade consists of products and services shipped from California to other states, or from other states to California.
Most Common Trade Partners
  1. $83.5B
  2. $44.4B
  3. $43.3B

In 2020, the top outbound California domestic partner for goods and services (by dollars) was Texas with $83.5B, followed by Arizona with $44.4B and Ohio and $43.3B.

The following map shows the amount of trade that California shares with each state (excluding itself).

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flagCivics

Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla are the senators currently representing the state of California. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

California is currently represented by 53 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from California

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
Dianne Feinstein
Senator from California1
Assumed office on November 10, 1992
Elected to the seat to succeed John Seymour (California politician)|John Seymour, who had been appointed to the seat after Pete Wilson was elected Governor of California.
Alex Padilla
Senator from California3
Assumed office on January 20, 2021
Appointed to the seat following the resignation of Kamala Harris, who had become Vice President of the United States.

Dianne Feinstein and Alex Padilla are the senators currently representing California.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in California over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

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US Representatives from California

California is currently represented by 53 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for California have changed over time starting in 2008.

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learningEducation

In 2020, universities in Salinas City PUMA, CA awarded 2,789 degrees. The student population of Salinas City PUMA, CA in 2020 is skewed towards women, with 3,846 male students and 5,335 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Salinas City PUMA, CA are Hispanic or Latino (2,357 and 84.5%), followed by White (180 and 6.45%), Asian (108 and 3.87%), and Two or More Races (78 and 2.8%).

The largest universities in Salinas City PUMA, CA by number of degrees awarded are Hartnell College (2,482 and 89%), Central Coast College (180 and 6.45%), and CET-Salinas (111799) (93 and 3.33%).

The most popular majors in Monterey County (Northeast)--Salinas City PUMA, CA are Liberal Arts & Sciences (1,418 and 50.8%), General Psychology (116 and 4.16%), and Criminal Justice - Law Enforcement Administration (109 and 3.91%).

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

Measure

In 2018 in Salinas City PUMA, CA, the percentage of applicants admitted was 95.7%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 73.5%. The number of students enrolled in 2020 was 9,181 (41.9% men and 58.1% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

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Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2020 there were 9,181 students enrolled in Salinas City PUMA, CA, 41.9% men and 58.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Hispanic or Latino with 6,751 records, of which 61.6% were women and 38.4% men.

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Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 589 degree-majors awarded
  2. 116 degree-majors awarded
  3. 100 degree-majors awarded

In 2020, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Monterey County (Northeast)--Salinas City PUMA, CA was Liberal Arts & Sciences with 589 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Monterey County (Northeast)--Salinas City PUMA, CA according to their major.

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Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 2,482 degrees awarded
  2. 180 degrees awarded
  3. 93 degrees awarded

In 2020, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was Hartnell College with 2,482 degrees awarded.

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Student Diversity

In 2020, 948 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Salinas City PUMA, CA, which is 0.515 times less than the 1,841 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2020 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Hispanic or Latino students. These 2,357 degrees mean that there were 13.1 times more degrees awarded to Hispanic or Latino students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 180 degrees awarded.

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Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

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Average Net Price by Sector

Public, 2-year ($1,380) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($20) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2020.

Public, 2-year ($1,971) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

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Educational Pyramid

Measure

In 2020, 2.52% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 2.58% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

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Educational Attainment

Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population of Salinas City PUMA, CA in 2020 were Primary Education (39.8k), High School or Equivalent (30.6k), and Secondary Education (27.6k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

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homeHousing & Living

The median property value in Salinas City PUMA, CA was $457,600 in 2020, which is 1.99 times larger than the national average of $229,800. Between 2019 and 2020 the median property value increased from $424,600 to $457,600, a 7.77% increase. The homeownership rate in Salinas City PUMA, CA is 50.1%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.4%.

People in Salinas City PUMA, CA have an average commute time of 25 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Salinas City PUMA, CA is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Salinas City PUMA, CA is $69,515. In 2020, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income in Salinas City PUMA, CA was Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $184,672, followed by San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA and Mountain View, Palo Alto & Los Altos Cities PUMA, CA, with respective values of $170,304 and $164,769.

Property

$457,600
Median Property Value 2020
±$6,551
$22,629
Median Property Taxes
±$1,108

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Salinas City PUMA, CA the largest share of households pay taxes in the $3k+ range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Salinas City PUMA, CA compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

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Rent vs Own

50.1%
Homeownership
2020
73.3%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2020

In 2020, 50.1% of the housing units in Salinas City PUMA, CA were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 47.2%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Salinas City PUMA, CA compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

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Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity

In 2020, the PUMA with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Salinas City PUMA, CA was Cupertino, Saratoga Cities & Los Gatos Town PUMA, CA with a value of $184,672, followed by San Ramon City & Danville Town PUMA, CA and Mountain View, Palo Alto & Los Altos Cities PUMA, CA, with respective values of $170,304 and $164,769.

The following map shows all of the PUMAs in Salinas City PUMA, CA colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

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Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$69,515
Median Household Income
± $2,928
45.1k
Number of Households
± 1,653

In 2020, the median household income of the 45.1k households in Salinas City PUMA, CA grew to $69,515 from the previous year's value of $62,433.

The following chart displays the households in Salinas City PUMA, CA distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the $75k - $100k range.

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Wage Distribution

0.441
2020 Wage GINI in Salinas City PUMA, CA
0.417
2019 Wage GINI in Salinas City PUMA, CA

In 2020, the income inequality in Salinas City PUMA, CA was 0.441 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 5.66% growth from 2019 to 2020, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Salinas City PUMA, CA was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Salinas City PUMA, CA in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Salinas City PUMA, CA across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

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Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2020
  1. Drove Alone (71.6%)
  2. Carpooled (11.6%)
  3. Other (11.5%)

In 2020, 71.6% of workers in Salinas City PUMA, CA drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (11.6%) and those who used some unspecified means to get work (11.5%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

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Commute Time

25 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Salinas City PUMA, CA have a shorter commute time (25 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.9 minutes). Additionally, 3.06% of the workforce in Salinas City PUMA, CA have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Salinas City PUMA, CA compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

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Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Salinas City PUMA, CA distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Salinas City PUMA, CA have 2 cars.

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Poverty & Diversity

13.7% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Salinas City PUMA, CA (23.1k out of 169k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.8%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Males 6 - 11, followed by Females 6 - 11 and then Females 25 - 34.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Salinas City PUMA, CA is Hispanic, followed by Other and White.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

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pulseHealth

88% of the population of Salinas City PUMA, CA has health coverage, with 40.2% on employee plans, 32.7% on Medicaid, 5.82% on Medicare, 8.6% on non-group plans, and 0.711% on military or VA plans.

Per capita personal health care spending in California was $7,549 in 2014. This is a 4.04% increase from the previous year ($7,256).

Primary care physicians in California see 1254 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.555% decrease from the previous year (1261 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 1149 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 268 patients per year.

Daily New Cases by Date

Showing data at the state level for California. Hospitalization data for some states may be delayed or not reported.
Y-Axis

This chart shows the number of COVID-19 daily new cases by date in California, as a 7-day rolling average, compared with the four states with the most similar number of confirmed cases.

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Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.
1,254 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in California

Primary care physicians in California see an average of 1,254 patients per year. This represents a 0.555% decrease from the previous year (1,261 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in California in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

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Community Mobility

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for California.

This chart presents movement trends over time in the state of California across different categories of places such as retail and recreation, groceries and pharmacies, parks, transit stations, workplaces, and residential.

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Health Care Diversity

In 2020, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 31.7% under 18 years, 23.8% between 18 and 34 years, 34.7% between 35 and 64 years, and 9.78% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 49.9% were men and 50.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

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Uninsured People

12%
Uninsured
40.2%
Employer Coverage
32.7%
Medicaid
5.82%
Medicare
8.6%
Non-Group
0.711%
Military or VA

Between 2019 and 2020, the percent of uninsured citizens in Salinas City PUMA, CA declined by 6.19% from 12.8% to 12%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Salinas City PUMA, CA changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

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