Selma, AL

Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA)

Add Comparison
2022 Population
38,326
2.13% 1-year decline
US Senator
Tommy Tuberville
Republican Party
US Senator
Katie Britt
Republican Party
2022 Median Age
40.4
1.76% 1-year increase
2022 Poverty Rate
27.1%
11.4% 1-year increase
2022 Median Household Income
$37,180
6.36% 1-year growth
2022 Median Property Value
$91,600
7.26% 1-year growth
2022 Employed Population
14,359
3.13% 1-year decline

About

In 2022, Selma, AL had a population of 38.3k people with a median age of 40.4 and a median household income of $37,180. Between 2021 and 2022 the population of Selma, AL declined from 39,162 to 38,326, a −2.13% decrease and its median household income grew from $34,957 to $37,180, a 6.36% increase.

The 5 largest ethnic groups in Selma, AL are Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) (68.7%), White (Non-Hispanic) (27%), Two+ (Non-Hispanic) (1.99%), White (Hispanic) (0.702%), and Asian (Non-Hispanic) (0.626%).

None of the households in Selma, AL reported speaking a non-English language at home as their primary shared language. This does not consider the potential multi-lingual nature of households, but only the primary self-reported language spoken by all members of the household.

99% of the residents in Selma, AL are U.S. citizens.

The largest universities in Selma, AL are George C Wallace State Community College-Selma (329 degrees awarded in 2022) and Selma University (9 degrees).

In 2022, the median property value in Selma, AL was $91,600, and the homeownership rate was 61.4%.

Most people in Selma, AL drove alone to work, and the average commute time was 26 minutes. The average car ownership in Selma, AL was 2 cars per household.

Selma, AL borders Birmingham-Hoover, AL and Montgomery, AL.

Population & Diversity

Selma, AL is home to a population of 38.3k people, from which 99% are citizens. As of 2022, 1.21% of Selma, AL residents were born outside of the country (465 people).

In 2022, there were 2.54 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (26.3k people) in Selma, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.4k White (Non-Hispanic) and 761 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

Citizenship

99%
2022 Citizenship
99.4%
2021 Citizenship

As of 2022, 99% of Selma, AL residents were US citizens, which is higher than the national average of 93.5%. In 2021, the percentage of US citizens in Selma, AL was 99.4%, meaning that the rate of citizenship has been decreasing.

The following chart shows US citizenship percentages in Selma, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Race and Ethnicity

The 3 largest ethnic groups in Selma, AL
  1. Black or African American (Non-Hispanic)
    26.3k ± 553
  2. White (Non-Hispanic)
    10.4k ± 3
  3. Two+ (Non-Hispanic)
    761 ± 557
1.12%
Hispanic Population
430 people

In 2022, there were 2.54 times more Black or African American (Non-Hispanic) residents (26.3k people) in Selma, AL than any other race or ethnicity. There were 10.4k White (Non-Hispanic) and 761 Two+ (Non-Hispanic) residents, the second and third most common ethnic groups.

1.12% of the people in Selma, AL are hispanic (430 people).

The following chart shows the 7 races represented in Selma, AL as a share of the total population.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Global Diversity

The PUMS dataset is not available at the MSA level, so we are showing data for Alabama.
Most Common Origin
  1. Mexico
    45,935 ± 5,238 people
  2. Guatemala
    15,043 ± 3,007 people
  3. India
    10,012 ± 2,454 people

In 2022, the most common birthplace for the foreign-born residents of Alabama was Mexico, the natal country of 45,935 Alabama residents, followed by Guatemala with 15,043 and India with 10,012.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Foreign-Born Population

1.21%
2022 Foreign-Born Population
465 people
0.901%
2021 Foreign-Born Population
353 people

As of 2022, 1.21% of Selma, AL residents (465 people) were born outside of the United States, which is lower than the national average of 13.6%. In 2021, the percentage of foreign-born citizens in Selma, AL was 0.901%, meaning that the rate has been increasing.

The following chart shows the percentage of foreign-born residents in Selma, AL compared to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Veterans

Most Common Service Period
  1. Vietnam
    592 ± 205
  2. Gulf War (1990s)
    317 ± 130
  3. Gulf War (2001-)
    290 ± 123

Selma, AL has a large population of military personnel who served in Vietnam, 1.87 times greater than any other conflict.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Economy

The economy of Selma, AL employs 14.4k people. The largest industries in Selma, AL are Manufacturing (3,267 people), Retail Trade (1,696 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,547 people), and the highest paying industries are Professional, Scientific, & Technical Services ($61,721), Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($57,344), and Transportation & Warehousing ($50,605).

Males in Alabama have an average income that is 1.43 times higher than the average income of females, which is $50,264. The income inequality in Alabama (measured using the Gini index) is 0.458, which is lower than than the national average.

Occupations

14.4k
2022 Value
± 946
−3.13%
1 Year decline
± 9.78%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Selma, AL declined at a rate of −3.13%, from 14.8k employees to 14.4k employees.

The most common job groups, by number of people living in Selma, AL, are Production Occupations (2,436 people), Office & Administrative Support Occupations (1,918 people), and Sales & Related Occupations (1,330 people). This chart illustrates the share breakdown of the primary jobs held by residents of Selma, AL.

View Data
Save Image

Unemployment Insurance Claims

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for false.

This chart shows weekly unemployment insurance claims in Alabama (not-seasonally adjusted) compared with the four states with the most similar impact.

The most recent data point uses Advance State Claims data, which can be revised in subsequent weeks.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Employment by Industries

14.4k
2022 Value
± 946
−3.13%
1 Year decline
± 9.78%

From 2021 to 2022, employment in Selma, AL declined at a rate of −3.13%, from 14.8k employees to 14.4k employees.

The most common employment sectors for those who live in Selma, AL, are Manufacturing (3,267 people), Retail Trade (1,696 people), and Health Care & Social Assistance (1,547 people). This chart shows the share breakdown of the primary industries for residents of Selma, AL, though some of these residents may live in Selma, AL and work somewhere else. Census data is tagged to a residential address, not a work address.

View Data
Save Image

Median Earnings by Industry

$37,107
Median earning men ± $2,680
$27,741
Median earning women ± $2,241

The industries with the best median earnings for men in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($85,486), Wholesale Trade ($66,705), and Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($56,654).

The industries with the best median earnings for women in 2022 are Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing & Hunting, & Mining ($55,313), Transportation & Warehousing, & Utilities ($48,041), and Public Administration ($43,910).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Employment by Industry Sector

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Y-Axis
2.1%
Year-over-year growth
Employment change between February 2022 and February 2023

As of February 2023, there are 2.13M people employed in Alabama. This represents a 2.1% increase in employment when compared to February 2022.

Right after the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, during April 2020, a general dip can be seen across industry sectors, resulting in an overall decline in employment by 11.2%.

The following chart shows monthly employment numbers for each industry sector in Alabama.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Establishments by Size

The industries with the most establishments
  1. 313
    Educational Services, Health Care & Social Assistance
  2. 202
    Retail Trade
  3. 201
    Finance & Insurance, and Real Estate, Rental & Leasing

The visualization shows the distribution of establishments by industry and by size according to the number of employees.

View Data
Save Image

Civics

In the 2020 presidential election, the popular vote in Alabama went to Donald J. Trump with 62% of the vote. The runner-up was Joseph R Biden Jr. (36.6%), followed by Jo Jorgensen (1.08%).

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing the state of Alabama. In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house, and members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms.

US Senators from Alabama

Senatorial voting results are only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Tommy Tuberville
Senator from Alabama2
Assumed office on January 3, 2021
Katie Britt
Senator from Alabama3
Assumed office on January 3, 2023

Tommy Tuberville and Katie Britt are the senators currently representing Alabama.

In the United States, senators are elected to 6-year terms with the terms for individual senators staggered.

The following chart shows elected senators in Alabama over time, excluding special elections, colored by their political party.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

US Representatives from Alabama

Alabama is currently represented by 7 members in the U.S. house.

Members of the House of Representives are elected to 2-year terms, and the following chart shows the how the members for Alabama have changed over time starting in 2008.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Education

In 2022, universities in Selma, AL awarded 338 degrees. The student population of Selma, AL in 2022 is skewed towards women, with 801 male students and 1,109 female students.

Most students graduating from Universities in Selma, AL are Black or African American (284 and 84.3%), followed by White (50 and 14.8%), Two or More Races (2 and 0.593%), and Unknown (1 and 0.297%).

The largest universities in Selma, AL by number of degrees awarded are George C Wallace State Community College-Selma (329 and 97.3%) and Selma University (9 and 2.66%).

The most popular majors in Selma, AL are General Studies (107 and 31.7%), Liberal Arts & Sciences (43 and 12.7%), and Registered Nursing (35 and 10.4%).

The median tuition cost in Selma, AL for private four year colleges is $4,800.

Applicants, Admissions & Enrolled

Measure

In 2016 in Selma, AL, the percentage of applicants admitted was 23.6%, while the percentage of admitted who enrolled was 67.5%. The number of students enrolled in 2022 was 1,910 (41.9% men and 58.1% women).

The line chart  shows the evolution of the percentage of applicants admitted, admitted who enrolled or the number of students enrolled according to the option selected in the upper button.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Enrollments by Gender and Races

In 2022 there were 1,910 students enrolled in Selma, AL, 41.9% men and 58.1% women.

By race, the largest number of students enrolled was concentrated in Black or African American with 1,392 records, of which 60.1% were women and 39.9% men.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Concentrations

Most Common
  1. 35 degrees awarded
  2. 107 degrees awarded
  3. 43 degrees awarded

In 2022, the most common concentation for Associates Degree recipients in Selma, AL was Registered Nursing with 35 degrees awarded.

This visualization illustrates the percentage of students graduating with a Associates Degree from schools in Selma, AL according to their major.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Universities

Gender
Race
Largest Universities by degrees awarded
  1. 329 degrees awarded
  2. 9 degrees awarded

In 2022, the institution with the largest number of graduating students was George C Wallace State Community College-Selma with 329 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Student Diversity

In 2022, 143 men were awarded degrees from institutions in Selma, AL, which is 0.733 times less than the 195 female students who received degrees in the same year.

In 2022 the most common race/ethnicity group awarded degrees at institutions was Black or African American students. These 284 degrees mean that there were 5.68 times more degrees awarded to Black or African American students then the next closest race/ethnicity group, White, with 50 degrees awarded.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Awarded Degrees over Time

The graph shows the evolution of awarded degrees by degrees. Under the paragraphs, the average number of awarded degrees by university in each degree is shown.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Average Net Price by Sector

Private not-for-profit, 4-year or above ($4,800) is the sector with the highest median state tuition in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($870) is the sector with the highest median state fee in 2022.

Public, 2-year ($2,500) is the sector with the highest average net price of books and supplies.

The graph shows the average net price by sector and year.

View Data
Save Image

Educational Pyramid

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Measure

In 2022, 0.905% of men over 25 years of age had not completed any academic degree (no schooling), while 0.822% of women were in the same situation.

This visualization shows the gender distribution of the population according to the academic level reached.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Educational Attainment

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
Race

The most common educational levels obtained by the working population in 2022 were High School or Equivalent (1.23M), Some college (913k), and Secondary Education (625k).

This visualization illustrates the percentage distribution of the population according to the highest educational level reached. You can filter the data by race by using the selector above.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Housing & Living

The median property value in Selma, AL was $91,600 in 2022, which is 0.325 times smaller than the national average of $281,900. Between 2021 and 2022 the median property value increased from $85,400 to $91,600, a 7.26% increase. The homeownership rate in Selma, AL is 61.4%, which is approximately the same as the national average of 64.8%.

People in Selma, AL have an average commute time of 26 minutes, and they drove alone to work. Car ownership in Selma, AL is approximately the same as the national average, with an average of 2 cars per household.

Median household income in Selma, AL is $37,180. In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income in Selma, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $90,618, followed by Limestone County, AL and Madison County, AL, with respective values of $80,146 and $78,058.

Property

$91,600
Median Property Value 2022
±$5,988
$9,060
Median Property Taxes
±$653

The following chart display owner-occupied housing units distributed between a series of property tax buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. In Selma, AL the largest share of households pay taxes in the < $800 range.

The chart underneath the paragraph shows the property taxes in Selma, AL compared to it's parent and neighbor geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Rent vs Own

61.4%
Homeownership
2022
60.6%
Homeowners with Mortgage
2022

In 2022, 61.4% of the housing units in Selma, AL were occupied by their owner. This percentage grew from the previous year's rate of 60.8%.

This chart shows the percentage of owner in Selma, AL compared it's parent and neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Income by Location

Use the dropdown to filter by race/ethnicity.
Race/Ethnicity
Highest Median Household Income (Total)

In 2022, the county with the highest Median Household Income (Total) in Selma, AL was Shelby County, AL with a value of $90,618, followed by Limestone County, AL and Madison County, AL, with respective values of $80,146 and $78,058.

The following map shows all of the counties in Selma, AL colored by their Median Household Income (Total).

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Household Income

Please note that the buckets used in this visualization were not evenly distributed by ACS when publishing the data.
$37,180
Median Household Income
± $3,448
14.8k
Number of Households
± 904

In 2022, the median household income of the 14.8k households in Selma, AL grew to $37,180 from the previous year's value of $34,957.

The following chart displays the households in Selma, AL distributed between a series of income buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households have an income in the < $10k range.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Wage Distribution

The closest comparable wage GINI for Selma, AL is from Alabama.
0.458
2022 Wage GINI in Alabama
0.458
2021 Wage GINI in Alabama

In 2022, the income inequality in Alabama was 0.458 according to the GINI calculation of the wage distribution. Income inequality had a 0.0777% growth from 2021 to 2022, which means that wage distribution grew somewhat less even. The GINI for Alabama was lower than than the national average of 0.478. In other words, wages are distributed more evenly in Alabama in comparison to the national average.

This chart shows the number of workers in Alabama across various wage buckets compared to the national average.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commuter Transportation

Most Common Commute in 2022
  1. Drove Alone (86.4%)
  2. Carpooled (7.33%)
  3. Worked At Home (4.07%)

In 2022, 86.4% of workers in Selma, AL drove alone to work, followed by those who carpooled to work (7.33%) and those who worked at home (4.07%).

The following chart shows the number of households using each mode of transportation over time, using a logarithmic scale on the y-axis to help better show variations in the smaller means of commuting.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Commute Time

26 minutes
Average Travel Time

Using averages, employees in Selma, AL have a shorter commute time (26 minutes) than the normal US worker (26.7 minutes). Additionally, 2.15% of the workforce in Selma, AL have "super commutes" in excess of 90 minutes.

The chart below shows how the median household income in Selma, AL compares to that of it's neighboring and parent geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart
View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Car Ownership

2 cars
Average Number

The following chart displays the households in Selma, AL distributed between a series of car ownership buckets compared to the national averages for each bucket. The largest share of households in Selma, AL have 2 cars.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Poverty & Diversity

27.1% of the population for whom poverty status is determined in Selma, AL (10.2k out of 37.8k people) live below the poverty line, a number that is higher than the national average of 12.5%. The largest demographic living in poverty are Females 55 - 64, followed by Males < 5 and then Females 18 - 24.

The most common racial or ethnic group living below the poverty line in Selma, AL is Black, followed by White and Two Or More.

The Census Bureau uses a set of money income thresholds that vary by family size and composition to determine who classifies as impoverished. If a family's total income is less than the family's threshold than that family and every individual in it is considered to be living in poverty.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health

90.5% of the population of Selma, AL has health coverage, with 31.9% on employee plans, 29.8% on Medicaid, 13.5% on Medicare, 13.8% on non-group plans, and 1.53% on military or VA plans.

Primary care physicians in Alabama see 1519 patients per year on average, which represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1534 patients). Compare this to dentists who see 2026 patients per year, and mental health providers who see 846 patients per year.

Patient to Clinician Ratios

Data is only available at the state level. Showing data for Alabama.
1,519 to 1
Patient to Primary Care Physician Ratio in Alabama

Primary care physicians in Alabama see an average of 1,519 patients per year. This represents a 0.978% decrease from the previous year (1,534 patients).

The following chart shows how the number of patients seen by primary care physicians has been changing over time in Alabama in comparison to its neighboring geographies.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Health Care Diversity

In 2022, insured persons according to age ranges were distributed in 25% under 18 years, 18.6% between 18 and 34 years, 37.3% between 35 and 64 years, and 19.1% over 64 years.

By gender, of the total number of insured persons, 45.9% were men and 54.1% were women.

The following chart shows the number of people with health coverage by gender.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart

Uninsured People

9.53%
Uninsured
31.9%
Employer Coverage
29.8%
Medicaid
13.5%
Medicare
13.8%
Non-Group
1.53%
Military or VA

Between 2021 and 2022, the percent of uninsured citizens in Selma, AL declined by 3.81% from 9.91% to 9.53%.

The following chart shows how the percent of uninsured individuals in Selma, AL changed over time compared with the percent of individuals enrolled in various types of health insurance.

View Data
Save Image
Add Data to Cart